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What have Barcelona missed out on by not signing Leroy Sané?

A statistical look at what could Bayern’s new man Leroy Sané have offered at Barcelona

Samuel Gustafson



Header Image by Michael Regan / NMC Pool via Imago

With the transfer of Leroy Sané to Bayern Munich now confirmed, Barcelona seem to have missed out on yet another young player who could have greatly improved the team. When comparing the German’s stats to Barça’s left winger this season, Antoine Griezmann, it’s clear that Sané would have been a brilliant signing.

On Thursday, Bundesliga champions Bayern Munich made official the signing of Manchester City’s Leroy Sané for 49 million euros plus 11 million in variables. It is true that the 24-year-old German left winger had missed most of the season in England due to an anterior cruciate ligament tear. But, for his price and Barcelona’s problems out wide, the Catalans should have set their sights on Sané.

Antoine Griezmann was purchased by Barça last summer, but, with Luis Suárez and Lionel Messi often having a reserved spot in the starting line-up, the former Atlético de Madrid man has been forced to act as a left winger on multiple occasions. Nevertheless, that’s not Griezmann’s best position, but it is Sané’s.

While this article will be comparing Sané to Griezmann, this is not an attempt to ridicule the Frenchman. It has been clear to all Barça fans that Griezmann has been well out of his preferred position and role this campaign. However, he has played most of his minutes on the left of the front three, which was the preferred role for Leroy Sané at Manchester City.

Thus, comparing the numbers of the two players allows one to see the different strengths that make Sané more suited to that role. This doesn’t mean the Griezmann should be out of the team. If anything, Leroy’s signing would have allowed Antoine to move to a better position, while providing more balance in the side.

The heatmap of Leroy Sané in the 2018/19 Premier League season (left) vs Antoine Griezmann in the 2019/20 La Liga season (right). Both players operating primarily down the left | Heatmap by SofaScore

Due to Leroy Sané’s knee injury this past August, he has only played twelve minutes of Premier League football this season. Because of this, his stats from the 2018/19 Premier League campaign will be used, and compared to Griezmann’s from this season. So, what do the numbers say?

Goal scoring and finishing

The finishing aspect of the game is the one where most would expect Griezmann to outperform Sané. The Frenchman has a far greater reputation as a striker and goal scorer due to his time playing up top for Atlético de Madrid. But, the stats show that Sané has just as much, if not more goal scoring ability from the wing.

First things first, the charts in this article for Sané show his stats in comparison to all outfield players who played at least half the available minutes in that Premier League season. While Griezmann’s show his stats in comparison to all La Liga outfielders who have played at least half their team’s minutes so far this season. By splitting up their two respective leagues, this takes away much of the differences in stats produced by different styles of play between the two countries.

The charts also utilize the fifth percentile for each stat as the minimum, and the ninety-fifth percentile as the maximum. This is done to remove outliers that would skew the data. Think about how comparing some of Lionel Messi’s stats to other players, even if they are very good, will always make them look poor in comparison.

Stats are correct as of July 4, 2020 | Stats from Football Reference

At a glance, it’s clear that both players perform very well in this part of the game relative to their leagues. Going further into the numbers, though, can reveal some interesting facts.

In terms of getting into better scoring positions, Griezmann’s stats are the slightly better of the two. He beats Sané, barely, in non-penalty expected goals per 90 minutes. This means that from the shots taken by the two players, Antoine is expected to score slightly more goals. Griezmann also has a higher non-penalty expected goals per shot, meaning that the average shot he takes is a better chance, and is more likely to go in.

Unfortunately for the 29-year-old, he has not done as much with these chances as Sané did in 2018/19. Despite being expected to score less, Sané’s actual goals per 90 minutes and goals per shot are higher. In fact, Sané’s 0.48 non-penalty goals per 90 were the eighth best in the Premier League that season. Griezmann, despite having more history as a striker, is currently seventeenth in La Liga.

Sané also has the advantage in terms of his shots on target. With 1.16 per 90, he has a significantly higher volume of shooting, but his rate of getting them on target is still just 0.2% below Griezmann’s.

With these stats in mind, it’s clear that Sané takes better advantage of his shots, even if Griezmann’s tend to come from better positions. This is a crucial trait to have at a side like Barça, where many teams will try to defend with a low block and everybody behind the ball. Leroy Sané clearly has the ability to make something out of nothing in these situations, which would have provided Barcelona with a much-needed attacking spark alongside Lionel Messi.


Chance creation has been one of the most criticized aspects of Grizmann’s performance this season. He often seems too pragmatic with the ball, and compared to the likes of Messi and Suárez he very seldom makes that final pass or creative play. While the Frenchman’s stats aren’t bad at all, Leroy Sané’s completely blow him away.

A clean sweep for Sané, as he betters Griezmann in every stat, and by a comfortable margin. It’s clear to see that the German is the more adept of the two at providing for teammates.

For expected assists per 90 minutes, Sané’s tally is more than double that of Griezmann. It was also good enough to be the third highest in the Premier League that season – Griezmann is currently forty-third in La Liga.

In terms of key passes – passes leading directly to a shot –, passes into the penalty area, and through balls, Sané’s numbers are at least 50% better than Griezmann’s for each stat. This trend continues for their shot and goal-creating actions, which are the two offensive actions – pass, dribble, etc. – leading to a shot or goal. Sané’s 0.77 goal-creating actions per 90 minutes were third in the league, while Griezmann is currently thirty-third.

Ultimately, these numbers reflect what has been clear for all Barcelona supporters to see: Griezmann lacks the dynamism and creative ability to play out wide. A player with the profile of Sané can be far more involved in the attack, and uses his skill set as a natural winger to open the game up for his teammates.


It’s surprising that Griezmann’s dribbling does not get talked about more often. Maybe it’s because he doesn’t even attempt it enough for people to notice it as a weakness, or maybe it has just been ignored. Either way, the Frenchman’s stats for carrying the ball and beating defenders have been atrocious this season, and they reflect another key characteristic that a Barça winger has to have.

Right off the bat, Sané completes an astonishing five times more dribbles per 90 minutes than Griezmann. For more perspective, that 2.9 dribbles per 90 was the fourth highest in the Premier League that season. Meanwhile Griezmann’s 0.57 dribbles have him one-hundred fourteenth in La Liga. One-hundred fourteenth!

Even more impressive is the fact that Sané’s dribble success rate is significantly higher, so he dribbles with greater volume and efficiency. This shows a real lack of ability to take defenders on for Griezmann, and an abundance of that ability for Sané.

Also important is the progressive distance of the two players’ carries, or the total distance they dribble the ball towards the opposition goal. Lionel Messi currently leads La Liga in this stat, but with him aging, it’s vital for Barça to get a pair of fresh legs in the attack who can help share the burden of advancing the ball. Sané, who progresses the ball 2.86 times further per 90 minutes than Griezmann, could have been this player.

Griezmann does draw 0.04 more fouls per 90 minutes, and gets dispossessed far less. Nonethless, that isn’t much of a positive when you factor in how little he does on the ball compared to Sané. The value gained by beating a defender in the attacking third can be far greater than the value lost by getting dispossessed. Ultimately, risks have to be taken to create goals, results, and even entertainment.

These dribbling metrics point out another vital flaw that prevents Griezmann from fitting in as a winger. As previously mentioned, Barça forwards need to be able to produce something against a deep-lying defense. But when Antoine plays out wide at Barcelona, he lacks the ability on the ball to break down a defence, an ability which Leroy Sané definitely has.


While it is most of the time the least important aspect of the game for a Barça forward, and the least entertaining, defending is still a job that must be done. Especially with Messi conserving his energy more and more for the attack, he needs players around him who put in a lot of effort. Defensive effort is the one area in which nobody can fault Griezmann this season, but Sané can do this job as well.

Note: For these charts, the defensive stats of the two players are shown only in comparison to the other players in their league with forward listed as their primary position by Football Reference

While Griezmann’s ball-winning stats – tackles and interceptions – stand out more in relation to the league, Sané’s aren’t too far behind. In fact, the German had the highest combined tackles and interceptions per 90 minutes out of Manchester City’s primary forwards that season: Sergio Agüero, Gabriel Jesus, Raheem Sterling and Leroy Sané himself. So while there were other Premier League forwards winning the ball more than Sané, he has definitely shown that he can handle being the most defensively active player in a front three.

Additionally, the area of defending in which Leroy Sané seems to excel the most is the most important area for Barcelona forwards: pressing. A successful pressure is given when the player’s team wins possession of the ball within five seconds of that player applying pressure on the ball carrier. Antoine Griezmann is currently sixth out of La Liga forwards for successful pressures per 90 minutes, and first for Barcelona forwards. Sané was eighth in the league and first for Manchester City.

Both Sané and Griezmann also press with very high efficiency. Sané’s success rate of 33.50% was the best in the whole Premier League for forwards, and a whole 4.2% higher than second best Sadio Mané, from Liverpool. Showing more similarity between their defensive output, Griezmann is currently second out of La Liga forwards for this metric.

While Sané has some very good defensive numbers, it’s undeniable that Griezmann appears the stronger player here. Especially when looking at the Frenchman’s numbers relative to other La Liga forwards, his defensive output is truly elite. Rather, these numbers serve to show that Leroy Sané is comfortable and willing to do defensive work. He’s a great presser, and took on a lot of defensive responsibility in Manchester City’s attack, so these numbers are more to refute the claim that Leroy Sané wouldn’t fit Barcelona due to his work rate.


With all of this in mind, it’s clear for anyone to see that Leroy Sané ticked all the boxes required to be a great Barcelona winger. Even without looking at any statistics, it’s obvious that he would have added width, pace, and far more dynamism in attack than is currently supplied on the left by Griezmann. The numbers just back this up, and make it even more frustrating as to how the Barça board didn’t make more of a push for the German.

The main benefits of signing Sané would have clearly been a vast improvement in terms of creative play and dribbling. On top of this, he still gives his side brilliant finishing and goal scoring output, as well as the pressing intensity and defensive responsibility that Griezmann has. The transfer of Leroy Sané to Barcelona seems like it should have been a no-brainer, but that isn’t really how the board operate.

Especially when you take into account that Sané is still only twenty-four years old – five years younger than Griezmann – and ended up costing Bayern a bargain price of just around €50 million, it seems this was just too smart of a deal for Bartomeu and co. to make. Instead, that money is being invested into aging players who don’t fill any necessary roles. Compared to a club like Bayern who have made their transfers with supreme intelligence and negotiating to replace their older generation, Barcelona are miles behind.

See more

The curious case of Antoine Griezmann at Barcelona

Villarreal vs Barcelona: Match Preview

• Tactical analysis: A look at Barcelona rivals Villarreal CF

• The one flaw to an almost perfect player: friendship

“Més que un club” is the saying that everyone knows, and for me it’s 100% accurate. Barça have given me so much over the years. Through all the highs, lows, triumphs, and heartbreaks, nothing can take away from the joy and entertainment I’ve received through watching this club play. Now, I hope that I can help spread these emotions with other supporters like me around the world.


Player Analysis

The numbers behind Frenkie de Jong’s revival at Barcelona

Samuel Gustafson



Photo via Imago

How has the shift away from a double pivot and into the right side of a midfield trio affected Frenkie de Jong’s performance and with it Barcelona’s?

Coming into this season, many believed the arrival of Ronald Koeman would help get the best out of Frenkie de Jong. In Koeman’s Dutch national side, de Jong had been one of the star performers, giving fans reason to be optimistic.

To open the campaign, Koeman implemented the 4-2-3-1 he had utilized with the Netherlands, which placed de Jong on the left side of a double pivot in midfield. While the former Ajax man played well, a more recent tactical shift away from the 4-2-3-1 has seemingly allowed him to reach new heights.

Starting with Barcelona’s away victory over Huesca, de Jong has played on the right side of a midfield three in the new midfield implemented by Koeman. In that more advanced role, the Dutchman’s freedom to roam forward has noticeably increased. He seems fresher, happier, and more impactful on the course of the match.

With that in mind, what do the numbers say about de Jong’s recent performances? What is he doing more of? What is he doing less of? How is this helping the side? Time to investigate.

Moving across and up

To start off, how about a little visualization of this role change? In theory, there should be significant differences between the positions de Jong was taking up earlier in the season compared to recent matches. Looking at where he played his passes from certainly backs this up.

It has been quite the shift. Not only has the Dutchman transitioned from the left half of the pitch to the right, but also higher up towards the opposition goal. In these last four La Liga games, de Jong has been operating much less in the defensive half of the pitch, plus one can see his territory stretching further to the attacking penalty area.

What about the areas de Jong has played his passes into?

Some more basic trends are visible. As the left pivot, one can see de Jong’s hot zone extending diagonally towards the left-wing. As the right interior, he seems to be passing to a more refined, central position, often in the right half-space.

An additional method that can highlight these differences is clustering de Jong’s actions. This allows us to see which passing patterns he repeated with the most frequency. For instance, his top clusters for passes played in the double pivot further reflect his tendency to play out to the left-wing.

That first cluster does show some activity higher up the pitch on the right, but outside of that, it is all passes played from the wide left or left-central positions. In comparison, de Jong’s pass clusters for the last four matches show him favouring shorter combinations from slightly to the right of the centre of the pitch.

The same can be done with the passes for which de Jong was on the receiving end of. Doing so provides further insight into his movement to get on the ball. Once again, the early season shows that left side dominance, and also just how far back de Jong was playing.

All of those lateral switches the Dutchman received in the defensive half, the short passes from the likes of Clément Lenglet, and the back passes from the attacking third all point to a deep-lying playmaker. Fast forward to his time as the right interior, and things look very different.

For one, we can see his passes received up and down the right flank. Additionally, there have not been as many deep passes received around the Barcelona box. Instead, de Jong has been getting the ball further into the attacking third, even in and around the penalty area frequently.

So, simple observation and data show the Dutch international phasing into a new role. Now that the basics have been established, though, the true insight has to be drawn from how this shift has made de Jong more productive. Given the new positions he is taking up, he must be contributing to different aspects of the game than he was before.

Adopting a new statistical profile

Moving to different areas and playing passes to different zones is only what is on the surface. To dive further into the Willem II academy product’s transformation, what matters most are the different actions he performs in these areas.

In order to investigate this, de Jong’s stats in matches on the right of the midfield three can be compared to his stats in the double pivot. To level the playing field between different metrics that occur at varying volumes, percent change will be utilized.

In this case, a positive change, or per cent increase, reflects an action he is performing with more frequency in the last four matches than in the opening sequence of the season. There are twelve key metrics which have increased by 10% or higher and five, which have more than doubled (over 100% increase).

Note: These stats are provided by Football Reference via StatsBomb. They have all been adjusted on a per 90 minutes scale.

Right off the bat, it is clear to see the increased freedom and dynamism in attacking areas. His non-penalty expected goals per 90 minutes have shot up dramatically by 256%. Furthermore, he is carrying the ball into the penalty area far more often. Getting much more involved in creating goals — goal-creating actions are the two offensive actions leading directly to a goal.

The increases are not just on the offensive end, too. The Dutch international has been a more active ball-winner in his new role, with tackles, interceptions, passes blocked, and successful pressures all up. More specifically, his tackles and pressures in the middle third of the pitch have increased, reflecting the fact that he is now able to step up further on the pitch when out of possession.

In short, de Jong has been more active in the attacking penalty area, supplying a spark to create chances or get on the end of them himself, while also taking advantage of the freedom to step out and press with more intensity.

On the other end of the spectrum, what has de Jong started to do less frequently?

The most significant decrease has been to his switches of play, or horizontal passes across the pitch. As a right-footed player, de Jong was much more suited to playing these switches from the left side of the pitch because he could cut inside and ping the ball across.

Elsewhere, the inverses of his increasing metrics can be seen. By staying in the middle third more often and moving up to join the attack, de Jong has to take up fewer responsibilities in the defensive third.

Furthermore, there have been drop-offs in several metrics associated with playing deeper. The Dutchman is getting involved in fewer aerial duels, fouling less, and playing fewer long balls, which was also reflected by those pass clusters.

It might be surprising to see that his passes into the penalty area have dropped. Still, given that his carries into the penalty area and his shooting numbers have increased, this reflects the fact that de Jong is getting into these advanced positions with the ball himself as opposed to playing it in.

With these metrics taken into account, one can appreciate what has truly made de Jong so effective recently. The new role has given him more freedom and room to roam, but he has taken great advantage of that with brave runs, incisive play, creativity, and ball-winning.

Final thoughts

While the sample size is still small, this new role seems to be the best one for Frenkie de Jong going forward. Not only does the 4-3-3 allow the Dutchman to shift up and make the most use of his strengths, but it allows him to play into the team’s success as well.

Frenkie is flying, and Barcelona are better for it. (Photo via Imago)

With a player of de Jong’s calibre, it should not be surprising that what seems to be his best span of matches at the club so far has yielded four consecutive convincing wins. That is the type of impact he was brought in to make, and it is brilliant to see it unfold.

Of course, there are more difficult tests in the future for de Jong in his new role, but from what he has shown so far, there is a lot more to look forward to.

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