We are only three official matches into the campaign, but Barcelona has already produced a few moments of magic. Let’s go deeper into these moments – specifically the best passes from Barça – and look into how they transpired, as well as the numbers behind them.
Clément Lenglet vs Villarreal
We start off with the pass that created Barça’s first goal of the new season: Lenglet’s pre-assist to Jordi Alba, which went over the top of the Villarreal defense. With the Frenchman receiving the ball deep, Ansu Fati drifted centrally, drawing the opposition’s focus away from the left wing. However, bursting down that flank was Jordi Alba, whose pace was too much for Villarreal right back, Mario Gaspar.
Lenglet spotted the run and dropped in a beautifully-lofted pass ahead of the surging left back. As Alba retrieved the ball deep inside the Villarreal penalty area, he picked his head up and searched for one of his signature cutbacks. Arriving into the box was young Ansu Fati, who rocketed the ball into the back of the net with a first time finish.
With the pass, Lenglet bypassed nine Villarreal defenders and set the stage for Barça to open their account for the season. Additionally, the pass created an increase in expected possession value (EPV) by 4.01% – EPV measures the probability that the possession will end in a goal, in this case calculated based on ball location. So, Lenglet progressed the ball to an area where the likelihood of the team scoring was 4.01% greater than what it was at the location from which he played the pass. All in all, it was a crucial bit of play in order to break the deadlock, and further evidence of Lenglet’s brilliance in possession.
Frenkie de Jong vs Villarreal
Sticking with the season-opener at the Camp Nou, we now have Frenkie de Jong’s excellent defense-splitting pass to Ansu Fati. With Barça already 4-0 up and building out from the back, Villarreal pressed high, bringing six players into their attacking third. As Neto played the ball out to Clément Lenglet, de Jong checked towards the left side of the pitch and found a massive pocket of space.
Lenglet picked the Dutchman out with another perfectly-weighted pass, which he let roll across his body so he could turn forward and scan the field. While this was happening, Ansu Fati had been making a hard run back towards his own goal, appearing to check in for a pass to his feet. Mario Gaspar followed Fati with a similar intensity, but as soon as de Jong was able to turn, it was the Barça winger who was ready to react quicker, as Fati spun away and surged forward into Villarreal territory.
In the vast open space that he had carved out, de Jong had all the time in the world to curve a brilliant ball through two defenders and into Fati’s path. With his weaker left foot, the youngster couldn’t pick out Antoine Griezmann in the center for a chance to add a fifth goal, but it was a brilliant passage of play nonetheless.
The through ball bypassed six defenders – Lenglet also deserves more credit for his ball into de Jong, which bypassed the first four – and increased the EPV by 2.37%. It was an exquisite display of movement, composure, and technique by de Jong, but he may have topped the pass in the very next match.
Frenkie de Jong vs Celta Vigo
The Dutchman’s quality was on show once again for this play at the Estadio de Balaídos. With Barça getting forward on the counter attack, de Jong made his run out wide down the left flank, and was sent forward by Philippe Coutinho.
As he approached the Brazilian’s pass, de Jong spotted his target in the shape of Antoine Griezmann sprinting down the opposite side of the pitch. However, the two Celta center backs were dropping to make the angle very tight, and the pass seemed to be one that would be far easier for a lefty, which de Jong is not. Instead, the Dutchman played it first-time, on the run, with the outside of his right foot, so that it swerved around the two defenders and right into Griezmann’s stride.
Unfortunately, the Frenchman’s poor first touch took the ball right into a recovering Celta defender, and thus he failed to provide de Jong with the assist or even key pass which he very much deserved. It didn’t result in anything, and it technically only beat two defenders, but the quality of this pass cannot be overstated. Taking the ball from a largely unthreatening position out wide and putting it right into a massive danger zone saw the EPV increase by 4.83%. These kinds of plays are what make de Jong such an exciting talent, and hopefully we see many more of them over the course of the season.
Neto vs Celta Vigo
Moving all the way to the back now to show some love to someone who usually doesn’t get much. After receiving very limited minutes last season, Neto has stepped in and started this new campaign in place of the injured Marc-André ter Stegen. While he may not be as talented as the German, Neto is still capable of making some great plays, including this ping to Ansu Fati.
As he received a back pass from Ronald Araújo, Neto faced heavy pressure from Celta, who were a man up after Lenglet’s red card. The Brazilian had just one touch to trap the ball, scan the field, and pick out his target, and he had to remain calm while doing so. Well, calm as you like, Neto launched the ball from just outside of his own six-yard box, up and over the right side of the Celta back line. It fell perfectly for Fati to run on to, and he took his first touch at least fifteen yards or so inside the opposition half.
Due to Fati receiving the ball and still being in a relatively wide area, far from goal, this pass did not increase the EPV as much as the others in this list. While an increase of 0.98% is brilliant for a keeper, that’s still only a fraction of what we have seen for the other passes. However, when adding the full context of the situation, it becomes more valuable.
The ball got Barça out of their own half and away from Celta’s heavy pressure, and into a position where the side could step, possess the ball with far more time and space, and look to launch an attack. Furthermore, this pass incredibly bypassed all ten of Celta’s outfield players, a truly remarkable feat.
Ronald Araújo vs Sevilla
The fifth and final pass for this list comes from Barça’s most recent showdown against Sevilla. While the match saw Barça drop their first points of the season and look largely flat and unentertaining for much of the ninety minutes, this play by the Uruguayan defender – like his overall performance – was certainly something to get excited about.
After receiving the ball deep in his own penalty area, Ronald Araújo showed his confidence, ability, and strength as he carried it forward. He actually bypassed three Sevilla defenders with this initial carry, but still faced heavy pressure. Despite a defender breathing down his neck, Araújo remained composed, and picked out an absolute peach of a pass to Ansu Fati.
The pass soared over the remaining seven defenders and dropped out of the sky onto Fati’s boot just outside of the Sevilla penalty area. The first touch was poor, though, and it sent Fati wide instead of towards goal. But that does nothing to discredit Araújo’s work. The combination of his pass – which increased the EPV by 3.54% – and his initial carry literally progressed the ball from box to box. It’s hard not to be impressed by Araújo’s potential.
We’ve looked at only a small sample size of passes and this is still very early days in the season, so there’s not many big conclusions that can be jumped to. However, there are two things in particular that stand out.
The first has to be the dynamism of Ansu Fati. He was the recipient of three of these passes – from Araújo, Neto, and de Jong – all of which were in behind the defence, and he even got up and scored after Lenglet’s ball to Alba. He possesses incredible quickness, and his movement is well beyond his years. These two attributes are invaluable for a Barça winger, as they allow the player to provide width, threat over the top, and far more space for their teammates. With these qualities and the performances he’s been producing, it’s very hard to see Fati losing his spot in this side.
The other major point that comes up in these passes – or doesn’t come up – is Lionel Messi. He was not involved in a single one of them, either as the passer or receiver. Looking further into the numbers shows more of this decreased involvement. So far this season, Messi is averaging only 0.16 expected assists per 90 minutes, which is behind Fati, Coutinho, and Busquets. Last season, he averaged 0.48 per 90, a tally that nobody else in the squad with at least 1,000 minutes played could reach even half of.
It may be only three games, but is this evidence of the side becoming less dependent on Messi’s creation? It’s not as if his creation has been poor – his 16 shot-creating actions lead the team by a mile, and his passes have actually created 2 own goals – but there are some promising signs in terms of players stepping up around him. If this can continue, and Messi can also get up to top form, the attack will be tough to stop.
Note: Expected assists measures the likelihood of the shots assisted by a player resulting in a goal, based on factors like the shot’s distance to goal, the shot angle, and the positioning of the goalkeeper. Shot-creating actions are the two offensive actions (pass, dribble, foul drawn) leading directly to a shot. Stats are from FB Reference.
Barcelona vs Ferencvaros: The Game through Numbers
A detailed look into the game by numbers and statistics and tactics as FC Barcelona kicked off their UCL 2020-21 campaign in style.
FC Barcelona played the first group stage game of UCL 2020-21 at home against recent Hungarian champions Ferencvarosi Torna Club, also called Ferencvaros. The Budapest outfit were playing against Barcelona in a competitive match for the very first time (previous meetings had all been friendlies), and naturally, Barcelona started cautiously. However, shaking off the rust from the International break and the disappointment of the loss against Getafe in the weekend, Barcelona came up with a dominant display and ran out as winners scoring five and conceding just one.
Barcelona yet again fielded a 4-2-3-1, with an unchanged defence from the game against Getafe. The double-pivot changed slightly, with Miralem Pjanic starting as Frenkie de Jong’s partner. Ansu Fati and Francisco Trincāo started as wingers flanking Philipe Coutinho at attacking midfield, with Lionel Messi starting as the false 9.
The touch-based heatmaps and the pass-map show some interesting tactical changes from the last two league games. First of all, and most importantly, this was the first time this season that both flanks were very well utilised. Having Trincao and Fati, both adept at playing on the wing, greatly helped the team build and attack through both sides.
While Antoine Griezmann added a lot of defensive cover while playing on the right flank in the previous games, Trincao did his share to help out the team, too. He did well in attack while also putting in a brilliant defensive shift – Griezmann’s absence was not felt at all.
Secondly, the positioning of Frenkie de Jong was a lot advanced, bringing the best out of him. Unlike the last two games, where he was placed much deeper and wider on average, last night he had more freedom to venture up and also drift a bit centrally. On average, he took up a higher position than Pjanic and took part in a lot of the attacking moves, while the Bosnian was tasked with the deeper progressions.
Ferencvaros started out in a 4-2-3-1 as well, but soon evolved into a 4-1-4-1/4-5-1 structure and settled into it for the game. Their midfield was very compact, and mostly stayed deep. Their idea was to use counters, with Tokmak Chol Nguen the only player taking up advanced positions to lead their attacks.
Attacks and Buildups
Barcelona posted very impressive attacking stats for the game.
Barcelona dominated possession as usual, but the biggest positive takeaway are the pressing numbers. The Blaugranas posted impressive PPDA (Passes per Defensive Action) numbers as compared to their opposition. It also indicates that a lot of the game was played in the opposition’s half, showing dominance in the game. The shot maps and the xG flowcharts show how imperative Barcelona were throughout the game, and that a lot of the shots were excellent chances to score.
Next we take a look a gallery of all the goals scored by Barcelona, and the lone goal scored by Ferencvaros to discuss the difference in ideologies of the two teams.
While Barcelona’s first goal took a came solely as a result of moments of individual brilliance by Messi, all of the other goals came through wonderful intricate buildup. Both sets of wide players were very well-utilized, who were able to play out through pressure no matter where the buildup started.
The buildup to the second goal culminated in a wonderful lofted pass by Frenkie de Jong to Ansu Fati, who slotted it past Ferencvaros’ hapless goalkeeper with a first-time finish. Fati was involved in the third goal as well. An intricate set up of passes in the final third led to Messi finding Fati with a pass, who back-flicked into the path of Coutinho, who made no mistake slotting it into the bottom corner.
In contrasting fashion, Ferencvaros were very direct. It was very clear that Tokmac Nguen was their main danger-man. Nguen created a couple of really dangerous moments in the first half with his threatening runs across the backline. The first effort was called offside, while the second led to him setting up Isael for a thunderous shot against the post.
He was also at the helm of their sole goal of the game, running at Pique, who was unable to keep up with Nguen and hauled him down into the box, leading to a penalty.
Barcelona’s passing was on point against Ferencvaros, helping the team to cover all zones perfectly, stretching the pitch and making it difficult to defend. Most importantly, there were a lot more passes into the box as well exchanges inside the box than the previous two games. Particularly impressive were the utilization of zone 14 and the half-spaces. Here are the dangerous passes portrayed:
The key passes came from multiple zones as well and from multiple sources. Messi had 4, Roberto, Pjanic, Coutinho, and Fati had 2 each, while de Jong, Trincao and Dembele had 1 each:
Finally, we compare the passes completed in the final third by each team, quantified by field tilt – it’s the number of final third passes completed by a team, divided by the sum of final third passes completed by both teams, expressed as a percentage.
Barcelona completed a much greater number of final third passes almost throughout the game except for a small window when Pique received a red card and sent off for fouling Nguen, and Barcelona had to play with 10 men.
Barcelona’s defence closely resembled a 4-4-2 block with Philippe Coutinho and Lionel Messi high up, and sometimes in 4-5-1 as Messi was the sole player allowed to stay up.
After Pique’s red card, Barcelona took up a fairly compact 4-4-1 shape. Ferencvaros were pushed back into their own half for the bulk of the match as Barcelona won the ball back fairly fast. The only time Ferencvaros managed to peg back Barcelona was after Pique’s dismissal. Here is a glimpse of the defensive activities of the two teams, showing Barça’s high turnover rate:
In fact, the third goal that Barcelona scored early in the second half came from a great bit of pressing. Messi aggressively pressed the central channels into Ferencvaros’ third and the box, so the ball had to be passed out wide, where Trincao led the charge. This led to a misplaced pass that was intercepted by Pjanic, and Trincao recovered the loose ball. A lovely sequence ensued, and Barcelona were up 3-0 in a blink.
Having discussed the defensive structure and the pressing intensity, now it’s time to discuss some of the issues. In this particular game, the issues were entirely in defence. Ferencvaros – Nguen in particular – exposed the problem Barcelona’s centre backs have against quick attackers. The Norwegian’s runs dragged the defenders all over the place, mixed with the high line that Barcelona employs, it resulted in nightmares as it often does.
Whenever the fullbacks were pushed high, and possession was turned over, Ferencvaros directly took on the two defenders left on the pitch. They could not bypass the press by making long passing sequences, so they quickly circulated ball out wide or to the deep half spaces before launching long balls to Nguen, and sending out supporting runners. One such run led to Pique’s red card.
This current batch of Barcelona players seems a tad too card-happy. Lenglet has already seen a red card in the Liga. Roberto, Dest, Pique – all of them have seen yellow cards just 4 games into the season. This is not healthy, especially given the lack of quality depth in defence.
Coutinho has been playing well, to say the least, and there are little to no doubts over his performance. However, his positioning – which surely is a tactical quirk of Ronald Koeman – is very interesting. Instead of the usual central positions a nominal 10 would take up, he is primarily operating in the left half space. There is quite a bit of overlap with Ansu Fati. Its clear that Barcelona are trying to achieve wide overloads on the left side whenever they can.
Coutinho performances are not an issue. His role, on the other hand, might be. (Photo by Alex Caparros/Getty Images)
This system, however, needs a striker and more directness to function. As it stands, the team is deploying two 10s in Messi and Coutinho. While this has worked well against weaker oppositions, it remains to be seen how well the lack of vertical staggering can hold up against stronger opposition.
The story of this game will be incomplete without mentioning the substitutions. Junior Firpo returned from injury and came on along with Pedri and Ousmane Dembele around the 60-minute mark. Ronald Araujo had to come on after Pique’s dismissal, while Sergio Busquets replaced Pjanic later to help see the game off.
While Pedri got his first goal for Barcelona, Dembele’s brilliant dribble and tenacity in the box from where he cut back the ball has to be mentioned. Seven minutes later, the World Cup winner found himself at the receiving end of a pass from Messi and smashed home for the fifth and final goal.
After the drab showing against Getafe, this was a much-needed boost for the team before the El Clasico. Multiple scorers, good buildup plays, high press – pretty much everything except the red card was to the point. Next week’s UCL away game against Juventus will prove a stern test as well, and hopefully, we will see the best of Ronald Araujo in that game.