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Tactical analysis: Deportivo Alavés 0–5 Barcelona

Find out in this tactical analysis how Barcelona convincingly beat Deportivo Alavés on Sunday

Anurag Agate



Header Image by Juan Manuel Serrano Arce via Getty Images

As Barcelona got back to winning ways in some style for the final game of La Liga, this tactical analysis will provide a deeper look at the 0–5 win over Deportivo Alavés.

Two teams with their fate already decided faced each other on Sunday afternoon: Barcelona and Deportivo Alavés. The blaugranas against the Babazorros. One with their position already decided and the other whose position could vary between 17 and 13 after this match. One with the frustration of their rivals’ title victory weighing on them, and the other with the relief of securing their spot in La Liga next season.

These two teams who were in very different situations met at the Estadio de Mendizorroza for the final game of their La Liga campaign. In this tactical analysis, we take a look at the tactical trends observed throughout the match.

Starting XIs

Deportivo Alavés

Roberto Jiménez
Aguirregabiria · Laguradia · Magallán · Adrián Marín
Édgar Méndez · Camarasa · Manu García · Burke
Lucas Pérez · Joselu
Coach: Juan Ramon Muñiz


Sergi Roberto · Araújo · Lenglet · Jordi Alba
Vidal · Busquets · Riqui Puig
Messi · Suárez· Ansu Fati
Coach: Quique Setién

Initial systems

Barcelona lined-up in a commonly used 4–3–3. With two injuries recently and three players suspended, they had only five players on the bench, out of which two were goalkeepers.

Neto got a start after a long time in goal. The central defenders had the job of playing out from the back whenever possible. Pivot Sergio Busquets would drop back to receive the ball often. The full-backs had a lot of attacking responsibility. We saw a change in tactics at the wings which will be discussed later. The midfield combined with the full-backs to provide width to the attack. Lionel Messi often dropped back and provided support. At these times, right-back Sergi Roberto would overlap often.

“Sometimes we are disorganised and more prone to concede. This is something we are working on”

Quique Setién
after the 0–5 win over Alavés

Deportivo Alavés did not shy away from attacking. They actually got quite a few good chances but were unable to make the most of those. Lisando Magallán was the defender with the most responsibility at the back. When possible, he would try to play short passes. However, this was not always possible. His long balls were decent and allowed the midfielders to get on the ball more. Magallán, though, was not not solid defensively.

The full-backs, Adrián Marín and Martín Aguirregabiria, were instructed to find space out wide. Similarly, Oliver Burke and Édgar Méndez were starting out wide as well. Nevertheless, since Alavés focused their attack through the middle, once in the opposition’s half the wide midfielders would come in narrower.

Direct play

Alavés wasted no time in expressing their intentions. They didn’t shy away from attacking, which nearly gifted them with a goal early on. Attacking through the middle was a major focus, with 39% of their attacks coming from the middle. Notwithstanding, they looked to exploit the fact that Barcelona’s centre-backs are often alone at the back.

The Babazorros used this fact to sustain attacking play. When in Barcelona’s half, the two strikers along with the two wide midfielders would pin the back four of Barcelona. This meant Alavés were almost in a 4–2–4. This would usually mean that the opposition would need to rely on pace to counter. But this tactic backfired as we will see later.

Jordi Alba Édgar Méndez Clément Lenglet Deportivo Alavés Barcelona tactical analysis

Neto didn’t have much job to do, but Alavés looked threatening on a couple of transitions | Photo by Imago

Burke was a major threat down the left in terms of getting on the ball and looking to drag Barcelona’s defenders out of position. The wide midfielder was an excellent asset in attack. The strikers were very narrow, though. There was no dynamism. One thing to be noted is that centre-forward Lucas Pérez would look to press Barcelona’s pivot. Though not very effective against Sergio Busquets, this restricted the play from staying in Barcelona’s half as much as possible.

To complement this, the full-backs were always ready to press Barcelona’s players down the wings. This was an attempt to regain possession down the wings and get numerical superiority down the wings with the wide midfielders in support. When Neto had the ball, Alavés would push up very high. As they aware of Barça’s preference to play out from the back, even a small lapse of concentration on the defenders’ part can lead to a clear chance on goal.

A refreshing attack with help from the opposition

The key to Barcelona’s attack, Lionel Messi, was given a free role as usual. This allows the Argentine to utilise his ability to unlock the defence, which he showed perfectly yesterday. The change in tactics down the wing mentioned was that Ansu Fati would often come in to occupy the space between the full-back and right centre-back.

This permitted left-back Jordi Alba space to attack from, which was something we saw leading to Luis Suárez’s headed goal. Usually, even though Fati would drift in, he did the same with greater tactical sense and combined well with Alba with respect to when to get narrower or wider.

“We had a bad experience in the last game [in the 1–2 loss to Osasuna], but today we were good and effective in front of the goal”

Quique Setién

Because of Alavés’ attacking formation, they committed a lot of players forward and had no real emphasis in midfield. This benefited Barça immensely. Riqui Puig, Sergi Roberto and Jordi Alba were very helpful in progressing the ball forwards. When they had the ball on a counter through the middle, Messi would stay on the edge of the box. There are two reasons to this. Firstly, it allowed him to supply threatening balls, and secondly, he granted space for Sergi Roberto or Arturo Vidal to make runs. Thus, Barcelona could stretch the Alavés defence fairly comfortably.

Alavés were often too lenient when marking Barcelona’s wingers and full-backs in the final third. The Alavés defenders would track back, but the wide midfielders who should be helping in defence were not up to the mark. This made it easy to find space, especially down the right. Vidal and Sergi were quite successful in utilising this and even Semedo after being subbed on scored from such a position.

Riqui Puig Deportivo Alavés Barcelona tactical analysis

The La Masía talents proved their worth | Photo by Juan Manuel Serrano Arce via Getty Images

Youngster Riqui Puig provided a different dimension in midfield. Due to his passing range, accuracy and progressive play the blaugranas were able to attack more freely. His pressing also suited Barcelona’s pressing, which was intense in the opposition’s half. That said, as the opposition progressed, Barça looked to regroup and maintain formation rather than press intensely.


This was a match-up where we could have seen either a very boring, dull performance from both teams, or a high-energy, passionate display. Thankfully we witnessed the latter. Alavés are left with many chances which they must have regretted not capitalising on. Their defence and midfield could do with a tactical and / or personnel upgrade.

“When we are at our best, no team can beat us”

Lionel Messi

Barcelona will definitely be happy with the result, especially since Riqui Puig and Ansu Fati’s performances present Quique Setién with the positive dilemma of selecting the starting XI against Napoli in the Champions League. With another Messi masterclass to cap off this La Liga season, Barça must take the fact that Real Madrid won the title constructively and aim to do their best next season.

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18, living in India, obsessed with Barcelona and Spanish football. I am into football in any form: watching, playing, reading about, writing about...In particular, I'm very interested in youth football, especially La Masía. I try to learn more about the tactical side of football as well.



Detailed Analysis: Ferencvaros 0-3 Barcelona

Anurag Agate




In collaboration with Soumyajit Bose.

As Ronald Koeman’s Barcelona looked to continue their perfect Champions League 2020/21 record, they faced Serhiy Rebrov‘s Ferencvaros side whose Europa League hopes were at stake at the Groupama Arena.

Compared to La Liga, Barcelona’s UEFA Champions League campaign has been much stronger. With 12 points in four games, with just two goals conceded and 13 goals scored, the confidence was high. However, for Ferencvaros, the best possible finish is in third place in Group G, which would see them qualify for the Europa League.

As a motivated Ferencvaros side faced Ronald Koeman’s Barcelona, a 0-3 victory in favour of the Blaugrana was far from ideal for the Budapest outfit. In this analysis, we take a look at the patterns seen throughout the match and the tactics used by the Barcelona, as well as the Ferencvaros side.

Ferencvaros’ System

Serhiy Rebrov’s Ferencvaros side had a clear game-plan from the start. Though this was commendable, there were some immediate issues. The disappointing aspect of this was that Rebrov was either unable to, or was unwilling to make the changes which could have changed the outcome of the match.

The Hungarians looked to play a back-three throughout the match. The two full-backs essentially had little to do in the build-up. Partly because their starting position was too high and also because Barcelona’s forward four were able to cut passing lanes effectively.

Ferencvaros’ number five, Abraham Frimpong, was at the heart of the defence. When building up, he would often drift forward in line with the full-backs. This would have been a good strategy, but the back-three were constantly forced to launch the ball forwards after Barcelona’s pressing.

When defending, the full-backs would tuck in and the wide forwards would drop back to form a 5-4-1. At times, there were too many players in defence. Isael on one occasion played Griezmann onside when there were six players back defending.

As the above heat-maps shows, forward Tokmac Chol Nguen was barely involved, and the full-backs Endre Botka and Marcel Heister were only active in small parts of the field. There was a clear disjoint between the midfield and the forwards and between the defence and the midfield at times as well.

Barcelona’s System

As expected from the current Barcelona side, the 4-2-3-1 was deployed. Right off from the start, something very apparent was the different player profiles in the attack. With Lionel Messi, Pedri, Philippe Coutinho, three players like to have the ball and roam around. Add Antoine Griezmann to that mix and you have four players who do best in a free role and have a moderate attacking work-rate at best.

With Martin Braithwaite, Fransisco Trincao, Ousmane Dembele this Barcelona side were able to press high and very actively as we shall see later.

The double-pivot of Sergio Busquets was at the core of the team in terms of recycling possession as well as playing balls forward. As the above pass-map shows us, these two were very active in passing and formed strong combinations with many players.

With the full-backs, or rather the wing-backs, very high up the field, Ousmane Dembele and Trincao would tuck in. This would make underlaps easier, as we saw with Braithwaite’s penalty-winning run, and it would also give the full-backs freedom to drive forwards.

The different full-back profiles on either side meant that down the left, excellent combinational play was visible and while Dest was more direct in his approach. This offered the Catalans with more choices in the final third.

A new pattern we saw in the build-up was a diamond between the centre-backs and the pivots. With Mingueza moving a bit further up the field, Busquets would drop back and form the second passing options for Clement Lenglet. Miralem Pjanic would look to find passing lanes in midfield and provide the third, and most direct, passing option.

When defending, Busquets and Pjanic would look to close off the channels, and Alba and Dest would have to retreat quickly. With the back-four completely flat and the pivots cutting passing lanes, the forward were given the best chance to show their work-rate and that is apparent from Barcelona’s goal-protecting activities that started from the front.

Game Stats

Barcelona were devastatingly good in the first half, scoring all three goals and putting the game to bed. They dominated possession, pressed much better than their opponents, all while outshooting and consequently outscoring them. Here is the game data at a glance:

Next, we take a look at the quality of chances created in the shotmaps and xG flow:

Barcelona created brilliant chances all game, and all of the goals came from high-quality chances. Understandably, they took their feet off the gear in the second half. This allowed Ferencvaros to create their most threatening moments. Even then, Barcelona had plenty of opportunities to score at least a couple of goals later in the second half. Profligacy in front of goal meant they could not add to their already impressive goal tally.

Barcelona’s territorial superiority is shown in the following figure. Field tilt – a metric to measure final third passing share, and hence territorial dominance –was overwhelmingly in Barcelona’s favor for most of the game. As shown, Ferencvaros only did better for certain stretches of the second half.

A look at the goals

Here we take a look at the goals Barcelona scored. Ousmane Dembele had one of the games of his life. He constantly linked up with Jordi Alba to create threat down the left. This very combination led to the first two goals of the game. For the first one, Dembele and Alba had some nice little one-twos, before Dembele released Alba into space behind the Ferencvaros right back. Alba used his speed to reach the ball ahead of his tracker and lay off a nice low cross to Antoine Greizmann, who made an excellent run into the box. Greizmann finished the move with an exquisite flick. Here are illustrations of the entire buildup and animation of the final moments :

The second goal came from a long buildup. First, a shot by Sergino Dest was blocked in the box. Following a flurry of passes, Griezmann made a cross-field pass to Alba. Alba laid the ball off to Dembele, who beat his marker by speed and played another low cross into the box. This time, it was Martin Braithwaite who made an intelligent poacher’s run into the box to prod it home.

Braithwaite made yet another great run behind Ferencvaros’ defence before getting fouled just when he was getting ready to shoot. Dembele scored from the resulting penalty.


Clement Lenglet could return from an injury scare to start the game, so Barcelona had two senior members at least in the beginning. The defence remained unperturbed for most of the half. Lenglet and Oscar Mingueza did an admirable job of cleaning up loose balls and snuffing out attacks. Ferencvaros rarely managed to get the ball to Barcelona’s final third. Here is a time-evolution chart of PPDA, which measures press intensity:

Evidently, Barcelona pressed much better throughout the game. The only interval where Ferencvaros had any luck pressing was in small intervals in the second half.

Next we take a look at Barcelona’s defensive heatmap.

This is probably the first time Barcelona have pressed this high up the pitch. Their effort paid dividends too, as Ferencvaros really struggled to build up successfully from the back, as shown in the following:

On the other hand, while Ferencvaros tried pressing higher, Barcelona were able to build through the press fairly regularly. The following images show Ferencvaros’ defensive efforts and Barcelona’s unsuccessful passes.

La Masia and youth get chances again

Several youngsters got a runout yet again. Mingueza continued to impress displaying composure on the ball and no-nonsense defending. Dest had yet another stellar show as the right back. He was impressive in tracking back, showing both speed and strength to nullify Tokmac Nguen. Dembele was electric; scoring and assisting one goal each and could have had more to his name. He finished the game wearing the captain’s armband.

Frenkie de Jong came on in the second half to replace Sergio Busquets and ended up playing centre back after Lenglet was withdrawn as well. Francisco Trincao got a start and played for about 80 minutes. While wasteful in front of goal and generally had some ugly touches, he also came up with some great dribbles. He should have really scored after being set up one on one by Dembele.

Carles Alena, Riqui Puig and Konrad de la Fuente all had cameos as well. Puig was particularly impressive, racking up 3 key passes in 28 minutes. He could have had an assist had Dembele elected to shoot from his pass.


Five wins out of five in the Champions League. Three victories in a row in all competitions. Three clean sheets. Eleven goals scored. Ronald Koeman probably could not have asked for a more favorable series of results for his team. Not only did important players like Lionel Messi and Frenkie de Jong get some rest, the fringe players got some decent run-out. Greizmann has scored three goals – he surely is brimming with confidence right now. Braithwaite has scored 4 goals in 3 games. Dembele looks to be in good form. The team seems to be hitting better stride. Injuries notwithstanding, this is a perfect time for Ronald Koeman’s Barcelona to make up for all the points lost in the league.

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