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Tactical analysis: A look at Barcelona rivals CA Osasuna

What team and tactics will Barça face on Saturday? A detailed tactical analysis of rivals CA Osasuna

Suhas Achanta



Barcelona and Real Madrid play at the same time, with the latter being just a win away from sealing the league title. While the Catalans may fret over the missed opportunities and the dropped points, they need to dust themselves and move forward. They host 11th-placed Osasuna, and this tactical analysis shall provide insight into their strengths and weaknesses.

Matchday 37 sees Barça host a newly-promoted side that has done remarkably well this season. Usually, teams that gain promotion from the Second Division struggle to cope with the intensity of the Spanish top flight. However, CA Osasuna has a chance to finish in the top half, having accumulated 48 points in 36 matches. Having already picked up points against the azulgranas in a 2–2 draw earlier this season, they will look to get another positive result against the defending champions.


Osasuna have been in mixed form since the restart. Nevertheless, they come into this game after a 2–1 win over Celta de Vigo on the weekend. On paper, the difference in quality sees Barcelona as the undisputed favourites. Nevertheless, it’s been a trend for the Catalans to struggle against sides that play a low block. We have seen an absence of Barça’s usual capabilities of breaking down teams and exploiting minuscule spaces.

“I expect the best Barça. It is true that they have little options [in the league], but they will try to seize them. Probably they will want to take an early lead to put pressure on Real Madrid. I expect a great Barça. It is a very difficult visit for us. They are the best local team in La Liga with two draws and all the rest victories. Thus, we know where we are going and that it is very complicated”

Jagoba Arrasate
Osasuna coach in press conference ahead of visiting Barcelona

Quique Setién seems hell-bent on making the 4–4–2 / 4–3–1–2 diamond midfield formation work. Against Villarreal, the approach felt fresh and worked spotlessly in a 1–4 away triumph. But the following clashes with RCD Espanyol and Real Valladolid seemed to be far from ideal. Two 1–0 victories saw the fans massively unsatisfied with the team’s performance. The four-man midfield didn’t work against teams that defend deep into their halves. Unfortunately, the fans aren’t forgiving of the performances, and are keen on seeing their side score more goals.

With Antoine Griezmann picking up a muscle injury that rules him out for the remaining two games, all eyes will be on Lionel Messi and Luis Suárez for goals. Osasuna has conceded 51 goals so far in the league, and thus, show signs of a leaky backline. That said, despite being weak at the back, they have a strong attack that is capable of hurting big sides. When they get going, Los Rojillos play brave and attacking football. Their capabilities were clearly visible earlier this season when they nearly beat the culés.


Osasuna coach Jagoba Arrasate prefers to set his team up in a 4–4–2 that has a double pivot shielding the backline. At this point, there’s no surprise that sides of lower technical quality deploy this strategy. Osasuna’s backline is incapable of producing steadfast defensive performances. And so, they take extra help from the defensive midfielders. The double-pivot helps in providing more stability at the back. In spite of fielding more men to cover the goal, they struggle to pitch an ideal defensive performance. 

“Not having the ball can be a way of enjoying if you know that you can hurt them when you recover it. I see no other formula to enjoy in such stadiums”

Jagoba Arrasate

And so, the reliance for them has been on the attack to outscore the opposition. The problem with Osasuna is that, once they go behind, they rarely overturn the scoreline. It can be seen as a question of their character and mentality. On the flip side, they are a really challenging side to beat when the players are in full form and high on confidence. The bipolar mentality of this side has seen them pick up points against many tough oppositions, but also lose games where they are expected to win.

At times, Arrasate has even preferred to go with a back five. But considering how unstable the defence is, adding an extra man wouldn’t help their cause. The aim must be to take the game to Barcelona and attack bravely. Indeed, teams tend to respect Barça for their overwhelming quality in the centre of the park. But an outfit like Osasuna that suffers massive defensive issues shouldn’t rely on defending throughout the game.

Jagoba Arrasate Osasuna tactical analysis

Manager Jagoba Arrasate has done a colossal job in Pamplona | Photo by AFP7 via Imago

The full-backs are capable of going upfield and hurting sides through their pinpoint crosses. Furthermore, at times, a full license is given to the attacking midfielders who can play defence-splitting passes. With a two-man strike partnership up top, the viable option will be to hoof long balls to the strikers. Their hold-up play will be critical for Osasuna to move the ball quicker. As the expectation will be to defend deep, the attackers should take whatever opportunity they get to score.

Player to watch

An overall team effort can be cited as the chief reason why Osasuna is 11th in the table. They were expected to go down, but they’ve surprised several pundits by defying the odds. Many players have pitched in a decent amount of goals and assists. With top scorer, Chimy Ávila ruled out for the clash, the focus will be on attacking midfielder Roberto Torres. He has been used as a right midfielder, but can play on the left as well.

Torres has six goals and eight assists to his name. He is the club’s most productive player and can be deemed as the creator in chief. When Osasuna get going, Roberto is the player who pulls strings for them. He is capable of finding the killer pass that splits open defences and can also hurt sides by having a go at goal. With a 53% success rate in dribbles, he also poses the ability to unlock defences by weaving his way in.

With two strikers sitting up top, Torres will be expected to win the second balls and then carry the ball to the opposition’s territory. Barcelona should look to avoid giving space and time for him. Any manner of complacency should be avoided if Quique Setién’s side has aspirations of keeping a third consecutive clean sheet. Torres is likely to be a victim of not having enough possession to work with. And so, Barça’s midfield should look to keep him under control whenever he has a chance of receiving the ball.

Roberto Torres Osasuna tactical analysis

Roberto Torres already scored against Barcelona in a 2–2 draw at El Sadar earlier this season | Photo by AFP7 via Imago

The Catalans’ defensive record has improved significantly since the restart. But they have always had an issue with handling individuals. As a unit, the team defends reasonably well. But the individual battles have been an Achilles heel. Roberto Torres could be one player who would be challenging to handle if he is given enough freedom with the ball.


The hosts are expected to win convincingly. As they’re playing at the same time as their rivals, an eye would definitely be on Real Madrid’s game against Villarreal. Anything aside from a loss would see Los Blancos crowned as champions. With the hopes of retaining the league fading away, Barça should look to work on the Champions League. These performances against sides that play a low-block will help them in their endeavour against Napoli in the second leg. 

“It is very difficult to enjoy at the Camp Nou because it is a rival that has a lot of possession in all matches, you have to spend a lot of time without the ball and it is complicated. We will try to compete at the highest level”

Jagoba Arrasate

Osasuna is safe and practically have nothing to play for. The azulgranas, on the other hand, have to fight for all three points and hope that their rivals lose to Villarreal. Even if the title is decided today, the fans will be hoping to see an improved performance from Barcelona.

The last two games have been dull. You would wonder why they couldn’t pull off similar wins against Celta de Vigo, Sevilla and Atlético de Madrid. It seems like that Barcelona’s game management skills have improved lately. But has the improvement in seeing off games come too late? We will have to wait and see.

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I started writing so that I could bridge the gap and pass time on days when there were no matches. But little did I know that writing about the beautiful game would amp up my love for it. I've always wanted to learn more, and share whatever insights I have on the game, to anyone, anywhere. The world stops for 90 minutes when your team plays, and that for me is very much true.



How Zidane’s Real Madrid beat Koeman’s Barcelona

Anurag Agate



Photo via Imago

The highly anticipated day of El Clasico, the clash of eternal rivals Barcelona and Real Madrid finally arrived. The Blaugrana were just two points ahead of Los Blancos with the same number of games played. Diego Simeone’s Atletico Madrid are at their most vulnerable right now; recent losses to Sevilla and Chelsea had already demoralized the team. Additionally, Luis Suarez – their top scorer -, is injured.

El Clasico has incredible importance on its own. Add to that the fact that it will be pivotal in the title race, and it becomes apparent how much it means to both sides. In this tactical analysis, we take a look at how Real Madrid managed to conquer Barcelona in a 2-1 victory.

The systems

Ronald Koeman’s Barcelona lined up in a 3-5-2 as expected. This formation is one that has contributed to Barcelona’s recent positive results significantly. Though this could be viewed as a 5-3-2 or even a 3-5-2-1 at times, the basic principles remained the same. Barcelona would look to build up from the back. The backline of Ronald Araujo with Clement Lenglet and Oscar Mingueza on either side of him was the platform upon which the team would build-up.

In midfield, Sergio Busquets would be the deepest player, with Frenkie De Jong and Pedri Gonzalez as the two interiors. These two youngsters would operate in the half-spaces as their roles entail, but they would drop back and join the attack as well. Jordi Alba and Sergino Dest, the two wing-backs, would look to stretch the opposition and would be positioned high up the field.

In attack, Lionel Messi was joined by Ousmane Dembele. The Frenchman would operate through the centre as Messi would usually drop back and have the freedom to move across the pitch.

Zinedine Zidane has often been labelled as someone who manages big egos well but doesn’t have tactical expertise. Purely a misconception, this match was an example of how well the retired midfielder sets up his team. What was most admirable was how Zidane finds the perfect role for his players’ profiles.

Real Madrid were deployed in a 4-1-4-1. Casemiro would play between the lines, with Luka Modric and Toni Kroos just ahead oh him. This formation could also be viewed as a 4-5-1, which would be a 4-3-3 when attacking. In defence, Eder Militao and Nacho were the centre-halves with Lucas Vasquez and Ferland Mendy as the full-backs. To support the midfield as well as the attack, Vinicius Junior and Fede Valverde would act as wide midfielders.

Karim Benzema, the number nine, would drift into the channels or drop a bit deeper as required. He was the key to Madrid’s fluid attack. There would be a constant staggering between Benzema, Vinicius, and Valverde. When Benzema dropped deep to fight for the second ball, Vinicius and Fede would move forward and provide passing options. At times, Vasquez would overlap, which was Valverde’s cue to drop back. The players would also switch roles.

Madrid’s defensive organization

After getting a lead, Real Madrid were still proactive but to a lesser extent than earlier. They would even have five players defending at times, transitioning into a 5-4-1. Their timing and organization was impressive nonetheless. As we see in the image above, Ousmane Dembele is about to receive the pass. Immediately, Casemiro presses him, while other players start moving forward to close the distance to possible passing options. This meant Barcelona had little time on the ball deep in Madrid’s half.

The pressing shown by Los Blancos was very fine-tuned. The players were unsurprisingly not hesitant to play a physical game as well. As the earlier image shows us, Ousmane Dembele would receive the ball ahead of the defense and attempt to involve other players. Pedri and de Jong were the most obvious passing options. However, for them, the passing would more often than not be out wide. This was forced due to Madrid’s structure which prevented them from playing through the middle.

Arguably one of Barcelona’s strongest moves is when Messi plays Jordi Alba through between the full-back and centre-halves. Though it was effective at some points in the match, this was clearly something Zidane expected. When either full-back would have crossing options, the full-backs would look to block the cross.

Simultaneously, the centre-halves would track Barcelona’s attackers Messi and Dembele. These two being the only two forwards, Mingueza’s goal was one of the few times the team actually had more players looking to attack. Casemiro would be in the box looking to clear the ball or cover for any defensive holes.

What went wrong for Barcelona?

Ronald Koeman’s team selection was well-thought-out. Shifting de Jong to midfield was a smart choice. However, as the scoreline clearly shows, some issues persisted.

One of the main ones being the lack of attackers in the final third. This was a formation with two attackers on paper, but one of them was Messi. Expecting the argentine to make runs off the ball and act as a target man is highly unrealistic. He does best when he’s on the ball. This would leave Dembele alone upfront. The Frenchman isn’t a classic number 9 who takes shots on the swivel and can establish himself in the box. Against a defence that was sitting very deep, he was unable to run onto the ball between the full-backs and centre-halves the way he likes to.

The image above shows a common scenario observed in the first half. Receiving the ball in the final third, Dembele turns to face the defenders. As they don’t lunge in, rather trying to contain him. he is unable to beat them in a 1v1. There is plenty of space with no Barcelona players highlighted in the image. This lack of attackers was one of the reasons Koeman switched to the 4-3-3. Shown below, the 4-3-3- allowed Pedri and Dembele to be more involved.

Statistical analysis

Below, we have a visualization showing the PPDA stats for both teams. A lower PPDA means a higher pressing intensity. As we can see, Barcelona were clearly pressing much more than Real Madrid throughout the match. Despite this, they failed to create enough chances. To demonstrate this, we can observe the xG graph.

As the xG graph shows, there were some situations when the Catalans had a chance to change the score-line in their favour. Among other reasons, Dembele’s inability to play as a striker and inefficiency in finishing was clearly affecting the team. The visualization below the xG graph shows the shot map. It further reaffirms the observation that Barcelona need to improve in front of the goal and in terms of the quality of chances created.

With a higher number of shots, Barcelona still had a lower xG than their rivals. Another indication of low-quality chances is the size of the circles in the box for both teams. The smaller the circle, the less likely it is to end up in the back of the net. The stark contrast is one of the many indicators that there are major issues to be resolved in attack for Koeman’s side.


This loss will hurt Barcelona, even more so as it strengthens the notion that his team doesn’t show up in big matches. If Koeman’s side wants to be Champions, now is the time to give their all. One cannot ignore the fact that the Blaugrana have a lot of work to do to be deserving of the La Liga title. Whether or not they will be able to do this remains to be seen.

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