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Tactical analysis: A look at Barcelona rivals CA Osasuna

What team and tactics will Barça face on Saturday? A detailed tactical analysis of rivals CA Osasuna

Suhas Achanta



Barcelona and Real Madrid play at the same time, with the latter being just a win away from sealing the league title. While the Catalans may fret over the missed opportunities and the dropped points, they need to dust themselves and move forward. They host 11th-placed Osasuna, and this tactical analysis shall provide insight into their strengths and weaknesses.

Matchday 37 sees Barça host a newly-promoted side that has done remarkably well this season. Usually, teams that gain promotion from the Second Division struggle to cope with the intensity of the Spanish top flight. However, CA Osasuna has a chance to finish in the top half, having accumulated 48 points in 36 matches. Having already picked up points against the azulgranas in a 2–2 draw earlier this season, they will look to get another positive result against the defending champions.


Osasuna have been in mixed form since the restart. Nevertheless, they come into this game after a 2–1 win over Celta de Vigo on the weekend. On paper, the difference in quality sees Barcelona as the undisputed favourites. Nevertheless, it’s been a trend for the Catalans to struggle against sides that play a low block. We have seen an absence of Barça’s usual capabilities of breaking down teams and exploiting minuscule spaces.

“I expect the best Barça. It is true that they have little options [in the league], but they will try to seize them. Probably they will want to take an early lead to put pressure on Real Madrid. I expect a great Barça. It is a very difficult visit for us. They are the best local team in La Liga with two draws and all the rest victories. Thus, we know where we are going and that it is very complicated”

Jagoba Arrasate
Osasuna coach in press conference ahead of visiting Barcelona

Quique Setién seems hell-bent on making the 4–4–2 / 4–3–1–2 diamond midfield formation work. Against Villarreal, the approach felt fresh and worked spotlessly in a 1–4 away triumph. But the following clashes with RCD Espanyol and Real Valladolid seemed to be far from ideal. Two 1–0 victories saw the fans massively unsatisfied with the team’s performance. The four-man midfield didn’t work against teams that defend deep into their halves. Unfortunately, the fans aren’t forgiving of the performances, and are keen on seeing their side score more goals.

With Antoine Griezmann picking up a muscle injury that rules him out for the remaining two games, all eyes will be on Lionel Messi and Luis Suárez for goals. Osasuna has conceded 51 goals so far in the league, and thus, show signs of a leaky backline. That said, despite being weak at the back, they have a strong attack that is capable of hurting big sides. When they get going, Los Rojillos play brave and attacking football. Their capabilities were clearly visible earlier this season when they nearly beat the culés.


Osasuna coach Jagoba Arrasate prefers to set his team up in a 4–4–2 that has a double pivot shielding the backline. At this point, there’s no surprise that sides of lower technical quality deploy this strategy. Osasuna’s backline is incapable of producing steadfast defensive performances. And so, they take extra help from the defensive midfielders. The double-pivot helps in providing more stability at the back. In spite of fielding more men to cover the goal, they struggle to pitch an ideal defensive performance. 

“Not having the ball can be a way of enjoying if you know that you can hurt them when you recover it. I see no other formula to enjoy in such stadiums”

Jagoba Arrasate

And so, the reliance for them has been on the attack to outscore the opposition. The problem with Osasuna is that, once they go behind, they rarely overturn the scoreline. It can be seen as a question of their character and mentality. On the flip side, they are a really challenging side to beat when the players are in full form and high on confidence. The bipolar mentality of this side has seen them pick up points against many tough oppositions, but also lose games where they are expected to win.

At times, Arrasate has even preferred to go with a back five. But considering how unstable the defence is, adding an extra man wouldn’t help their cause. The aim must be to take the game to Barcelona and attack bravely. Indeed, teams tend to respect Barça for their overwhelming quality in the centre of the park. But an outfit like Osasuna that suffers massive defensive issues shouldn’t rely on defending throughout the game.

Jagoba Arrasate Osasuna tactical analysis

Manager Jagoba Arrasate has done a colossal job in Pamplona | Photo by AFP7 via Imago

The full-backs are capable of going upfield and hurting sides through their pinpoint crosses. Furthermore, at times, a full license is given to the attacking midfielders who can play defence-splitting passes. With a two-man strike partnership up top, the viable option will be to hoof long balls to the strikers. Their hold-up play will be critical for Osasuna to move the ball quicker. As the expectation will be to defend deep, the attackers should take whatever opportunity they get to score.

Player to watch

An overall team effort can be cited as the chief reason why Osasuna is 11th in the table. They were expected to go down, but they’ve surprised several pundits by defying the odds. Many players have pitched in a decent amount of goals and assists. With top scorer, Chimy Ávila ruled out for the clash, the focus will be on attacking midfielder Roberto Torres. He has been used as a right midfielder, but can play on the left as well.

Torres has six goals and eight assists to his name. He is the club’s most productive player and can be deemed as the creator in chief. When Osasuna get going, Roberto is the player who pulls strings for them. He is capable of finding the killer pass that splits open defences and can also hurt sides by having a go at goal. With a 53% success rate in dribbles, he also poses the ability to unlock defences by weaving his way in.

With two strikers sitting up top, Torres will be expected to win the second balls and then carry the ball to the opposition’s territory. Barcelona should look to avoid giving space and time for him. Any manner of complacency should be avoided if Quique Setién’s side has aspirations of keeping a third consecutive clean sheet. Torres is likely to be a victim of not having enough possession to work with. And so, Barça’s midfield should look to keep him under control whenever he has a chance of receiving the ball.

Roberto Torres Osasuna tactical analysis

Roberto Torres already scored against Barcelona in a 2–2 draw at El Sadar earlier this season | Photo by AFP7 via Imago

The Catalans’ defensive record has improved significantly since the restart. But they have always had an issue with handling individuals. As a unit, the team defends reasonably well. But the individual battles have been an Achilles heel. Roberto Torres could be one player who would be challenging to handle if he is given enough freedom with the ball.


The hosts are expected to win convincingly. As they’re playing at the same time as their rivals, an eye would definitely be on Real Madrid’s game against Villarreal. Anything aside from a loss would see Los Blancos crowned as champions. With the hopes of retaining the league fading away, Barça should look to work on the Champions League. These performances against sides that play a low-block will help them in their endeavour against Napoli in the second leg. 

“It is very difficult to enjoy at the Camp Nou because it is a rival that has a lot of possession in all matches, you have to spend a lot of time without the ball and it is complicated. We will try to compete at the highest level”

Jagoba Arrasate

Osasuna is safe and practically have nothing to play for. The azulgranas, on the other hand, have to fight for all three points and hope that their rivals lose to Villarreal. Even if the title is decided today, the fans will be hoping to see an improved performance from Barcelona.

The last two games have been dull. You would wonder why they couldn’t pull off similar wins against Celta de Vigo, Sevilla and Atlético de Madrid. It seems like that Barcelona’s game management skills have improved lately. But has the improvement in seeing off games come too late? We will have to wait and see.

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I started writing so that I could bridge the gap and pass time on days when there were no matches. But little did I know that writing about the beautiful game would amp up my love for it. I've always wanted to learn more, and share whatever insights I have on the game, to anyone, anywhere. The world stops for 90 minutes when your team plays, and that for me is very much true.


Ronald Koeman and the 4–2–3–1: A new system at Barcelona

Lewis Shankie



Header Image by Pau Barrena / AFP via Getty Images

During the three preseason games, Ronald Koeman has opted for a change in formation at Barcelona, as a 4–2–3–1 line-up has been implemented by the Dutch coach. This article looks at some of the strengths and weaknesses of the formation so far.

The 4–2–3–1 formation has been used by many top teams around the world. It offers a defensively strong set-up as well as providing good width. In the first three games since his appointment, Ronald Koeman has chosen this set-up. This is a change for Barcelona, who usually play in a 4–3–3 formation.

Thus far, players seem to be adapting to the change, but the first real test for Koeman will be on Sunday 27th September against Villareal. During the pre-season friendlies, there was a lot of rotations, so it is not clear who the favoured starting eleven is yet. However, it looks as though the manager has found his formation for the season, unless something major changes.

The strengths

The new change in the system could have several benefits for the current team. One of the positives to the new formation is that it allows players to be played in their favoured positions. Frenkie de Jong is one player that could excel in the double pivot role.

After a mediocre season, De Jong will now be moved to his best position. At Ajax, and for the Netherlands, the barça midfielder produced his best performances when given a free-roaming role as a double pivot. He is most comfortable in this position as the Dutchman thrives in the defensive and middle areas of the pitch, but not so much in the final third.

Two other players that could improve under the new formation are Philippe Coutinho and Antione Griezmann. The 4–2–3–1 formation plays with an attacking midfield or second striker. This is Coutinho’s and Griezmann’s best position. Under the 4–3–3 formation, they were forced to play out wide, and it did not suit either of them. Playing them centrally will be key in helping them find their best form again this campaign.

Philippe Coutinho Ronald Koeman 4–2–3–1 Barcelona

Philippe Coutinho, named Man of the match in the Trofeu Joan Gamper game against Elche, could be one of the most benefitted players by Koeman’s change of formation | Photo by David Ramos via Getty Images

The set-up of the formation also provides more defensive stability than the usual 4–3–3. Having two holding midfielders helps to limit teams counter attacks. It strengthens the centre of the pitch too.  The two midfielders in front of the centre-backs make it difficult for the opposition to break through this area.

In an attacking sense, the full-backs can be more confident in pushing forward. There will be an extra midfielder available in defence if they get caught out positionally. Furthermore, a more dynamic attack can be formed with players like Lionel Messi, Griezmann and Coutinho all being interchangeable. Having that extra attacker should allow Ronald Koeman to play with a pacey winger such as Ansu Fati or Ousmane Dembélé. The Catalan side’s lack of pace in attack has been an issue for several seasons now.

The weaknesses

Though there are positives, there could also be some downsides to the change in formation. Most notably, a lack of opportunities for Barça’s young and talented midfielders. Riqui Puig, Carles Aleñá and Pedri may have less minutes, according to the manager. This is due to their natural position, as interiors in midfield, no longer being used.

“Him [Riqui Puig], [Carles] Aleñá, Pedri…I have told them that it’s difficult for them and there’s lots of competition. At 20 years of age, the young players have to play”

Ronald Koeman, after leaving Riqui Puig out of the squad for Saturday’s Trofeu Joan Gamper against elche

Though they could adapt to the pivot role or the number 10 role, it seems Koeman would prefer others who are natural to these positions. Sergio Busquets, Miralem Pjanić and De Jong will play most of the minutes as the defensive midfielders. Additionally, Griezmann, Coutinho and Messi are likely to occupy most of the minutes in the attacking midfield role. This is a huge blow for the Barcelona youngsters who deserve first-team minutes.  

Another issue that has already highlighted itself is the removal of a midfielder for an extra attacker. This can leave large pockets of space in the middle section of the pitch. This can either be exploited by the opposition to attack into or limit the options for the blaugranas in the build-up play. For example, if the two pivots get dragged over to one area of the pitch, this can leave large gaps on the other side.

This could cause problems if Barça want to transition the ball quickly to open the game up. What Koeman has essentially done is to take one of the links in the deeper build-up play and move it into the final third instead. Only time will tell if this pays off as Barcelona start the new campaign soon.


The new formation implemented by Ronald Koeman will shake things up at Barcelona. Though the main principles will likely remain the same, such as high pressing and dominating the ball, some parts will change. The formation helps some players find their best positions in the team while also sacrificing others. Defensively, it should help Barça become less open to counter attacks.

Going forward, the team looks more fluid and comfortable. Although, players will need to be spatially aware. Large areas of space have already emerged in the middle of the pitch during preseason and could cause issues for the team later on.

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