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The transfer rumors/news reliability guide

Football fans have become increasingly addicted to transfer rumours and even fake news, these being compelling as they create an element of fantasy and, even if false, generate either hope or discussion, or both. For this reason, we have created a reliability scale based on a tier system, explained below. When applicable (mostly on stories in the news and transfer watch category), we will indicate the respective tier at the end of an article.


Tier 1

Very reliable. Often, they are not the first to discuss a rumor, but when news/a transfer rumor comes from this tier, it is almost certainly true, and possibly close to complete. Often, they are individual journalists, and not outlets.

Most known Tier 1 journalists: Marcelo Bechler, Gerard Romero, Alfredo Martinez, Veronica Brunati, Helena Condis, Samuel Marsden, Marsal Llorente, Fernando Polo, Sique Rodriguez, Mois Llorens, Fabrizio Romano

Tier 2

• They are known for having sources, and from time to time, they are accurate in their reports. However, sometimes they are following the tradition among others and become fallible.

Most known Tier 2 outlets: Rac1, Catalunya Radio, ESPN, Cadena Ser, Cope, Di Marzio, Onda Cero, Sky Sources

Tier 3

Unreliable. Before confirming such rumors through higher-tier outlets, you can assume that these reports are not true at all.

Most known Tier 3 outlets: Sport, Mundo Deportivo, El Chiringuito, Diario AS, Marca

Tier 4

Clickbait. These companies are completely focused on making money out of rumors, and they will do anything to make you click on a headline. Here at Barca Universal, we always avoid using such sources in our stories.

Most known Tier 4 outlets: The Sun, Daily Mirror