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How Koeman can turn the Barcelona minefield into a midfield

Udhav Arora



Header Image by David Ramos via Getty Images

As new Barcelona coach Ronald Koeman looks to shake up his team tactically and individually, a new midfield set-up could be the key for Barça’s success.

As the years go by, football, like everything else in the world, continues to grow, change, and redevelop. The sport, as it stands, has trickled down from a time when the only method to score was to let the quick chap on the wing cross it to the tall, strong bloke in the centre so he could head it home. Well, now the swift man with a rusty beard and number 10 on his back just dribbles past five and bends it into the corner of the net.

These innovations have not been solely on the style of the game, or the rules, but has also seen the emergence, and modification in positions/roles. For example, ten years back, it would have been hard for you to track the use of ‘inverted fullbacks’ in any team until Pep Guardiola started implementing them in his Bayern Munich and eventually with Manchester City. They were invented to create numerical superiority in midfield when holding possession. Similarly, in recent years we have seen a rise in other hybrid positions, one of them being the hybrid 8/10.

During the 2000s, the 4–2–3–1 gained a lot of popularity with the likes of José Mourinho’s treble-winning Inter Milan to World Cup finalists the Netherlands implementing the same. In this formation, the player in the middle, behind the striker is typically referred to as then no. 10 or the attacking midfielder. Its job – while different in different countries and systems – is to add a surplus attacking threat, which can either come in the form of goals (Frank Lampard at Chelsea), or a more creative presence (Mesut Özil at Real Madrid).

Behind them, lies the 8 – the hardworking player who does everything. He can control the speed of the game, run from box-to-box, and steadies the ship for the team. Xavi Hernández, Gareth Barry, Steven Gerrard among so many others are well-known examples.

While the prominence of the 8 remains quite celebrated till date, the use of a natural 10 may die out now that wingers, central midfielders, and even strikers have started assuming a more creative burden in attack while supplementing the defence. This also helped teams cover more areas on the pitch, including out wide and half-spaces. Therefore, the role of the hybrid 8/10, like all others, was borne from changes to tactical culture.

Cesc Fàbregas Barcelona midfield Koeman

Barcelona need to bring back the Cesc Fàbregas’ style 8/10 role for next course | Photo by David Ramos via Getty Images

It is easy to spot its implementation in European football since 2013, with prime example during that time being Cesc Fàbregas in Gerardo Martino‘s Barcelona, Toni Kroos in the initial stages of the 2013/14 season under Pep or Oscar at Chelsea. To take a closer look at the role, let us take Fàbregas as an example.

To cope with the absence of an injury struck Lionel Messi, Tata Martino started to move Andrés Iniesta to the left wing. Subsequently, Fàbregas, who had rich history playing across the midfield, was stationed at the left-of-centre of the midfield trio along with Sergio Busquets and Xavi.

Ideally, in a three-man midfield, one player holds, one changes the tempo, and one has to break forward, and Fàbregas was given the responsibility of carrying the ball and adding innovation from the final third. Of the three, he would be the one closest to the centre, and highest up the pitch, often switching positions with Iniesta or the attacker closest to him giving the team more fluidity. The Spaniard would constantly keep moving horizontally before exfoliating his marker before heading forward. His past, playing as a no. 10 for Arsenal in several games, and even as a false 9 for Spain came in handy during this time.

Barcelona 2013/14 season midfield Koeman

Since then, this type of midfielder has become increasingly popular, primarily because of its utility nature. In recent times, players like Martin Ødegaard, Luka Modrić, Donny van de Beek and Mason Mount have been used in said role. Julian Brandt, however, remains the epitome of this role and has been utilized in that capacity at Bayern Leverkusen and Borussia Dortmund.

For example, during this goal against FC Mainz 05, the German international (circled in black) moves from the right-of-centre orientation to take up a more advanced role than has been left empty by opposition defenders. He is quick to spot Kevin Volland (circled in red) and played a one-two with him before slotting it home effortlessly into the bottom corner.

Julian Brandt interpretation of space while playing as a hybrid 8/10.

Additionally, Brendan Rodgers and Peter Bosz have adopted a double 8/10 system in the past where two players are given the hybrid status. The former used James Maddison and Youri Tielemans in a 4–1–4–1 through the course of the last season, while the latter structured Bayer Leverkusen in that arrangement using the services of Kai Havertz and Brandt in 2018/19.

Barcelona have taken a turn for the better after a change of management, relieving Quique Setién of his duties before hiring Ronald Koeman as head coach ahead of next season. The Dutchman has vastly preferred a 4–2–3–1 throughout his coaching career, most recently with the Netherlands national team. And if the preseason friendly against Gimnàstic de Tarragona is any proof, he will continue to use that.

Barcelona midfield Koeman

Barcelona’s possible line-up with a 4–2–3–1 and including the likely signing of Olympique Lyon’s Memphis Depay

That edifice, though, may not be the best for Barça, because very specific players can thrive in it. It requires a natural no. 9 – one that Barcelona do not have barring Luis Suárez at the moment, who is tipped to leave the club. It will also harm the potential playing time of younger players within the squad like Riqui Puig and Álex Collado, who do not necessarily fit anywhere.

With a midfield as stacked as ours, the 4–3–3 remains the only viable option that can both, complement the fullbacks defensively, and add a threat while going forward. Additionally, by using the hybrid 8/10 role, Koeman can blend his version of the current team and what is best for the club.

The only position nailed on at the moment is that of Frenkie de Jong. Koeman has not shied away from praising the 23-year-old from his time with the Dutch national team, and his role was one of the first things he addressed after joining, stating that he will keep him closer to the defenders. Since de Jong is not a natural placeholder in the defensive midfield role, he will have to be accompanied by a player like Miralem Pjanić who has the defensive and passing capabilities along with just the right amount of athleticism. The vacancy on the left can be filled by Philippe Coutinho as the composite midfielder.

For a significant part of his career, Coutinho played a central midfielder, in the Mezzala role, primarily on the left. This allowed him to rove up the pitch through wide spaces before drifting inwards and trying his trademark right-footed curler. During the two seasons, 2016/17 and 2017/18, in which he operated in said role, Coutinho managed 20 goals and 14 assists over 45 games. He also managed to create 14 big chances while averaging 2.5 key passes per game. It clearly brings the best out of him.

Barcelona midfield Koeman

Barcelona’s line-up in a 4–3–3 and with Philippe Coutinho in the hybrid 8/10 role

Over the last two years, Coutinho has drastically improved his work rate to fit into Hansi Flick’s high-pressing Bayern Munich and will be at home in a midfield trio. In fact, going back to a deeper position could help him bring some consistency in his career after being shifted continuously from one zone to another. That said, the Brazilian is unquestionably not a winger, and should not, in any circumstances, be used on the left flank again.

Koeman also has the services of a certain teenager, Pedri, who boasts of the capabilities to walk toe-to-toe with the some of the best in that position, including now teammate Coutinho. While primarily an attacking midfielder, the 17-year-old was used a left-winger for a dominant part of last season with Las Palmas in the second division.

Despite his age, Pedri was the primary creator of this team and would drop off as deep as the defensive midfielder before releasing wingers through sharp long balls. He ended the season with six assists, eight big chances created, and 1.7 key passes per game – highest in the Las Palmas squad. Apart from that, he is also capable of beating defenders with ease while carrying the ball into the final third before playing defence-splitting through ball. The kid resembles Messi-esque maturity on the ball, which can only be a sign of good things to come.

There are little doubts over Pedri’s creativity, but what makes him an even more exciting prospect is his bolstering stamina. Regardless of whichever zone he takes up, he is more than ready to close down the opposition and will go as high as the goalkeeper if necessary. He is also more than prepared to track the player who dispossesses him – something that happens often (14 times per game), given his creative prowess.

Speaking of midfielders who love to press, fan-favourite Riqui Puig is more than competent to take up this task. He finally received his breakthrough last season, courtesy of Quique Setién, who used him as in a free role against Atlético de Madrid, and then Real Valladolid.

Since the first time Puig caught the attention of the fans and the media, he has been applauded for his ability to progress the ball through pressure zones, and over long distances. Last season, for example, he carried the ball for a total of 386 yards per 90, and 173.3 yards per 90 towards the opponent’s goal. These stats, while from a smaller sample, are on par, or better when compared to midfielders well known for this characteristic – Paul Pogba (299; 156), Mateo Kovačić (426; 214), and Luka Modrić (353; 159).

The best thing about Puig’s style, though, is how efficiently he reads the game despite not enjoying a lot of time in the ‘big leagues’. Before controlling any pass, the 21-year-old scans the pitch as thoroughly as he can while moving into an unmarked zone. After receiving the ball, Puig moves the ball through the press or pass to an unconstrained teammate.

Ronald Koeman will have to shed his rigidity now that he is no longer coaching a side that plays football once in six months. As coach of a team as big as ours, he has a responsibility to cater to, including taking care of new signings, while pandering to the best needs of the club on the pitch, which may not come if he chooses to deploy a 4–2–3–1.

Editor-in-Chief. | They say a picture says a thousand words, but I intend to write a thousand words about a picture I clicked.



How Zidane’s Real Madrid beat Koeman’s Barcelona

Anurag Agate



Photo via Imago

The highly anticipated day of El Clasico, the clash of eternal rivals Barcelona and Real Madrid finally arrived. The Blaugrana were just two points ahead of Los Blancos with the same number of games played. Diego Simeone’s Atletico Madrid are at their most vulnerable right now; recent losses to Sevilla and Chelsea had already demoralized the team. Additionally, Luis Suarez – their top scorer -, is injured.

El Clasico has incredible importance on its own. Add to that the fact that it will be pivotal in the title race, and it becomes apparent how much it means to both sides. In this tactical analysis, we take a look at how Real Madrid managed to conquer Barcelona in a 2-1 victory.

The systems

Ronald Koeman’s Barcelona lined up in a 3-5-2 as expected. This formation is one that has contributed to Barcelona’s recent positive results significantly. Though this could be viewed as a 5-3-2 or even a 3-5-2-1 at times, the basic principles remained the same. Barcelona would look to build up from the back. The backline of Ronald Araujo with Clement Lenglet and Oscar Mingueza on either side of him was the platform upon which the team would build-up.

In midfield, Sergio Busquets would be the deepest player, with Frenkie De Jong and Pedri Gonzalez as the two interiors. These two youngsters would operate in the half-spaces as their roles entail, but they would drop back and join the attack as well. Jordi Alba and Sergino Dest, the two wing-backs, would look to stretch the opposition and would be positioned high up the field.

In attack, Lionel Messi was joined by Ousmane Dembele. The Frenchman would operate through the centre as Messi would usually drop back and have the freedom to move across the pitch.

Zinedine Zidane has often been labelled as someone who manages big egos well but doesn’t have tactical expertise. Purely a misconception, this match was an example of how well the retired midfielder sets up his team. What was most admirable was how Zidane finds the perfect role for his players’ profiles.

Real Madrid were deployed in a 4-1-4-1. Casemiro would play between the lines, with Luka Modric and Toni Kroos just ahead oh him. This formation could also be viewed as a 4-5-1, which would be a 4-3-3 when attacking. In defence, Eder Militao and Nacho were the centre-halves with Lucas Vasquez and Ferland Mendy as the full-backs. To support the midfield as well as the attack, Vinicius Junior and Fede Valverde would act as wide midfielders.

Karim Benzema, the number nine, would drift into the channels or drop a bit deeper as required. He was the key to Madrid’s fluid attack. There would be a constant staggering between Benzema, Vinicius, and Valverde. When Benzema dropped deep to fight for the second ball, Vinicius and Fede would move forward and provide passing options. At times, Vasquez would overlap, which was Valverde’s cue to drop back. The players would also switch roles.

Madrid’s defensive organization

After getting a lead, Real Madrid were still proactive but to a lesser extent than earlier. They would even have five players defending at times, transitioning into a 5-4-1. Their timing and organization was impressive nonetheless. As we see in the image above, Ousmane Dembele is about to receive the pass. Immediately, Casemiro presses him, while other players start moving forward to close the distance to possible passing options. This meant Barcelona had little time on the ball deep in Madrid’s half.

The pressing shown by Los Blancos was very fine-tuned. The players were unsurprisingly not hesitant to play a physical game as well. As the earlier image shows us, Ousmane Dembele would receive the ball ahead of the defense and attempt to involve other players. Pedri and de Jong were the most obvious passing options. However, for them, the passing would more often than not be out wide. This was forced due to Madrid’s structure which prevented them from playing through the middle.

Arguably one of Barcelona’s strongest moves is when Messi plays Jordi Alba through between the full-back and centre-halves. Though it was effective at some points in the match, this was clearly something Zidane expected. When either full-back would have crossing options, the full-backs would look to block the cross.

Simultaneously, the centre-halves would track Barcelona’s attackers Messi and Dembele. These two being the only two forwards, Mingueza’s goal was one of the few times the team actually had more players looking to attack. Casemiro would be in the box looking to clear the ball or cover for any defensive holes.

What went wrong for Barcelona?

Ronald Koeman’s team selection was well-thought-out. Shifting de Jong to midfield was a smart choice. However, as the scoreline clearly shows, some issues persisted.

One of the main ones being the lack of attackers in the final third. This was a formation with two attackers on paper, but one of them was Messi. Expecting the argentine to make runs off the ball and act as a target man is highly unrealistic. He does best when he’s on the ball. This would leave Dembele alone upfront. The Frenchman isn’t a classic number 9 who takes shots on the swivel and can establish himself in the box. Against a defence that was sitting very deep, he was unable to run onto the ball between the full-backs and centre-halves the way he likes to.

The image above shows a common scenario observed in the first half. Receiving the ball in the final third, Dembele turns to face the defenders. As they don’t lunge in, rather trying to contain him. he is unable to beat them in a 1v1. There is plenty of space with no Barcelona players highlighted in the image. This lack of attackers was one of the reasons Koeman switched to the 4-3-3. Shown below, the 4-3-3- allowed Pedri and Dembele to be more involved.

Statistical analysis

Below, we have a visualization showing the PPDA stats for both teams. A lower PPDA means a higher pressing intensity. As we can see, Barcelona were clearly pressing much more than Real Madrid throughout the match. Despite this, they failed to create enough chances. To demonstrate this, we can observe the xG graph.

As the xG graph shows, there were some situations when the Catalans had a chance to change the score-line in their favour. Among other reasons, Dembele’s inability to play as a striker and inefficiency in finishing was clearly affecting the team. The visualization below the xG graph shows the shot map. It further reaffirms the observation that Barcelona need to improve in front of the goal and in terms of the quality of chances created.

With a higher number of shots, Barcelona still had a lower xG than their rivals. Another indication of low-quality chances is the size of the circles in the box for both teams. The smaller the circle, the less likely it is to end up in the back of the net. The stark contrast is one of the many indicators that there are major issues to be resolved in attack for Koeman’s side.


This loss will hurt Barcelona, even more so as it strengthens the notion that his team doesn’t show up in big matches. If Koeman’s side wants to be Champions, now is the time to give their all. One cannot ignore the fact that the Blaugrana have a lot of work to do to be deserving of the La Liga title. Whether or not they will be able to do this remains to be seen.

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