In collaboration with Anurag Agate.
Ronald Koeman’s Barcelona faced Diego Simeone’s Atletico Madrid at the Wanda Metropolitano. In a game marred by defensive blunders and devastating injuries, Barcelona lost the game 1-0 to fellow title-challengers.
A 1-0 loss to Atletico Madrid in La Liga left Barcelona reeling midtable. This was also the first time Diego Simeone’s side beat Barcelona in the La Liga. Coupled with crucial injuries to Gerard Pique and Sergi Roberto, Barcelona now face a dire path ahead of their UCL game against Dynamo Kyiv.
Barcelona structure and formation
Ronald Koeman went in with his tried and tested 4-2-3-1 formation. Marc Andre Ter Stegen started in goal again. Gerard Pique and Clement Lenglet formed the centre back pairing, flanked by Jordi Alba and Sergi Roberto. In the absence of Sergio Busquets, Miralem Pjanic stepped up to form the double pivot with the ever-present Frenkie de Jong.
Pedri and Ousmane Dembele played on the flanks, with Lionel Messi in the hole and Antoine Griezmann upfront. However, as before, Messi and Griezmann had lots of interchanging positions. Pedri played more in the half-space in possession while Dembele stayed out wide. This often made the team structure a lop-sided 4-4-2. In defensive transitions, it was always a 4-4-2 with Griezmann dropping deeper to defend. Messi restricted his pressing to zones high up the pitch.
Frenkie de Jong had the freedom to push up high in the first half. However, the absence of Ansu Fati meant that the usual overload on the left side did not work in this game. Pedri had a poor game in general. Him moving far too infield to let Alba run down the left did not quite work – the passing was far too restricted by Atleti’s excellent defending. A second-half injury to Pique meant that de Jong had to play 35 minutes roughly as a centre back, which he did very well.
Atletico structure and formation
Atletico were missing some key personnel as well, most notably perhaps, Luis Suarez up top. They also missed a regular left-back Renan Lodi, and Hector Herrera and Lucas Torreira in midfield. They lined up in a highly asymmetric 4-4-2/5-3-2 structure and style.
Stefan Savic and Jose Gimenez formed the centre back partnership. Mario Hermoso played in a hybrid centre-back/extremely defensive full-back role. Kieran Trippier was the more offensive fullback, practically functioning as a wing-back. Yannick Carrasco and Marcos Llorente joined the reliable duo of Koke and Saul Niguez in central midfield as wide midfielders. Carrasco played almost in a hybrid wide midfield/wingback role. Joao Felix and Angel Correa formed the front two.
The hybrid system was particularly evident in the different phases of the game. In attack, Hermoso would push out wide like a full back but stay in more defensive, withdrawn zones. Carrasco had the freedom to stay wide looking for overlapping runs to meet Felix’s clever passes. On the other side, Llorente would shift infield, allowing Trippier to bomb forward.
Felix himself overlapped down the left side several times, trying to create numeric overloads against Roberto and Pique, dragging Pjanic wide in the process. Carrasco’s and Felix’s overlaps on the left, coupled with Saul Niguez moving ball-near side and Correa dropping in to give options – this combination created quite a few problems in the first half. Here is an example – it led to Saul’s shot early on which was saved by ter Stegen.
The game was more or less evenly balanced – neither team were outright dominant than the other in any aspect. Here is the game data at a glance:
Barcelona enjoyed marginally more possession, marginally more shots and shots on target, and a better press than Atletico. Of course, the hosts had the all-deciding goal in their favour. Neither team generated high-quality shots overall, as the shot map and xG flowchart shows :
Barcelona’s possession superiority was pretty stale. Barcelona failed to dominate critical territorial zones, measured by field tilt – which is the percentage share of final third passes of each team. Even though Barcelona had higher field tilt, it was only marginal. What strikes out is that just the goal came when Barcelona were enjoying their best bit of territorial dominance.
Buildup to shots and goals
Next we take a look at some of the shots and the goal. Early on, Barcelona had the chance to score. Dembele burned his marker with pace and sent a cross into the box. It was met by a clever flick by Greizmann. The shot sailed high unfortunately.
Atleti had their chances on the other side as well. Soon after Saul saw his shot saved, the other flank created yet another moment of danger. A brilliant interchange of passing involving Correa and Trippier met Llorente’s clever run into the box. The shot crashed against the bar.
Towards the end of the first half, Barcelona could have scored again. There was a brilliant bit of buildup, a clever run by Griezmann to drag a defender, and then Messi ghosted blindside of the center mids to meet Alba’s nutmeg pass. The angle was too tight and Messi failed to score.
Soon after, Barcelona conceded the goal. Pique stepped up to intercept a long ball. Ideally, that should have been fine, except Pique miscontrolled the pass. That left almost everyone out of position. A simple ball over the top released Carrasco into oceans of space. But the maddening part perhaps was that ter Stegen left his box wildly to tackle the Belgian. He missed; Carrasco did not – he scored into an empty net from distance.
In the second half, Barcelona had chances to equalize. However, Lenglet headed straight at Jan Oblak twice. Greizmann headed straight at Oblak once. Barcelona failed to engineer any better chances than those. The key passes map shows the crosses into the box:
Atletico’s strength lies in engaging from wide areas. In this game, their biggest threats came again from the wide zones. Hermoso, Koke, Saul and Felix regularly released Carrasco and Trippier down the flanks. Trippier would often look for cutbacks or layoff into Llorente upfield.
Barcelona on the other hand tried to create from all possible zones. Frenkie de Jong managed to pull off a wonderful long pass into the box that Greizmann miscontrolled. Dembele single-handedly created chances from the right. The combinations of Alba and Messi created – in subdued amounts – danger from the other side.
For Barcelona, Messi, de Jong, Dembele and Alba were the bulk progressive passers. For Atleti, Koke, Trippier, Hermoso and Savic progressed the ball the most.
Both teams also tried to use width a lot. Surprisingly, Barcelona had more switches of play than Atleti, who have built their game to attack wider areas. For Barcelona, perhaps the reason for frequent switching was that they could not progress a lot directly.
The game data table posted above shows us that neither team pressed a lot. PPDA, which is a proxy for pressing intensity, was around 20 for both teams (low values of PPDA indicate high pressing). Here are the maps showing the defensive activities of both team:
Atleti forbade any progress down the centre. Upfield, they tried to press Pedri and Alba from creating too much danger. Deep in their half, they tried to force Dembele as wide as possible and tried to isolate him. Barcelona pressed all over the pitch in the middle-third. In deeper zones, they had to deal with the wide threats of Carrasco and Felix, and Llorente’s infield runs. The following plot also shows how Atleti forced passes wide and forced mistakes :
Two recurring issues troubled Barcelona yet again. The lack of chemistry and the lack of experience of the youth meant that certain runs went untracked. Atleti’s rapid front line dragged Barcelona into wrong zones, allowing trailing players to ghost into blindside runs. Saul and Llorente’s efforts at goal are perfect examples of this. In the first case, Pjanic was pulled in, leaving Saul free. In the second case, Pedri’s inexperience led to him losing his mark against Llorente completely.
Speed is always an issue that Barcelona has had trouble against. Llorente’s quick underlaps created quite a bit of trouble for Lenglet. Here is yet another example of a run – the pass from Llorente was thankfully cleared.
The goal was a combination of poor positioning and lack of speed, combined with some poor touch and terrible decision-making. Pique was out of position when he made the failed interception. No one in the team was speedy enough to catch up to Carrasco down the left. Ter Stegen should have communicated better with Lenglet and stayed in the box because Lenglet was haring down to secure the centre.
Issues have now been compounded with injuries to Pique and Roberto. If they face lengthy spells away from the pitch, Barcelona are stretched thin in the defence department. De Jong looks set to continue as a centre back for the next game at the very least and Sergino Dest will have to start. Barcelona faces extremely testing times ahead.
Julian Nagelsmann: The one to carry Barcelona forward
Despite being just 33, Julian Nagelsmann is the man who can take Barcelona forward as the club embarks on a new era under a new administration soon.
From Johan Cruyff to Pep Guardiola, some of football’s most innovative thinkers have graced the Camp Nou throughout the decades. At the height of their powers, FC Barcelona were pioneers, synonymous with styles of play that propelled the sport forward. But in recent memory, they have been the complete antithesis of everything they once stood for, devoid of awe and tactical distinction.
Facing bankruptcy, presidential elections, and a much-needed squad overhaul, Barça need the right manager at the helm — someone bright and forward-thinking, symbolic of the club’s ambition.
Enter Julian Nagelsmann
While only one month younger than Lionel Messi, Nagelsmann is already staking his claim as one of the best managers in the world. He’s inventive, eager, and could be exactly what Barça need to reestablish themselves as the kings of world football.
Nagelsmann did not enjoy an extensive playing career, but he seems en-route a decorated managerial life. (Photo by Lukas Schulze/Getty Images)
Nagelsmann was only 20 years old when a knee injury forced a premature end to his playing career. Given that he was still under contract with FC Ausburg, the aspiring centre-back was put to work as an unofficial scout for current Paris Saint-Germain coach Thomas Tuchel.
He then moved on to coach 1899 Hoffenheim’s youth teams before being appointed manager of their senior-side in 2016. With that, he became the youngest permanent manager in Bundesliga history at age 28 and led Hoffenheim to their first-ever Champions League berth in 2017 –already historic.
Nagelsmann is now midway through his second season at Red Bull Leipzig, where his aspirations are equally matched by the club’s. Last season, he became the youngest manager to lead a team to the Champions League knockout stages, guiding Die Roten Bullen all the way to the semi-finals, before being knocked out by none other than Tuchel’s PSG.
Nagelsmann’s sides are attacking, high-pressing, and versatile. He employs a myriad of formations, most commonly 3–5–2 and 4–4–2, tasked to exploit his opponent’s weaknesses and counter their strengths. He also consistently rotates his squad and fielded 29 different players across all competitions last season.
His formations and players may be subject to change, but his core principles are ever-present, ones that surround Johann Cruyff’s ideas about Total Football, and the ability of each player to play multiple roles and positions.
We have seen Naglesmann implement that by using Dani Olmo in nearly seven different positions – including defensive midfield. Apart from that, the well-known face of Marcel Sabitzer embodies Nagelsmann’s ideas. He, too, has played across multiple positions including on the wing, striker, defensive midfield, and even as a wing-back.
Marcel Sabitzer embodies the ideologies that Julian Nagelsmann wants to present. (Photo by Boris Streubel/Bongarts/Getty Images)
“[Formations] are just principles and things that players should do in different parts of the game. […] They are just numbers. I try to find a solution for the next opponent, depending on how I can put our way of playing football in the best system.”Julian Nagelsmann | Interview with Tribuna Expresso
Nagelsmann prefers to play out from the back, but never needlessly and lethargically passing the ball around. Leipzig like to drag their opponents to one side of the pitch before quickly switching it to the opposite flank, most often to a marauding wing-back.
He places high emphasis on verticality, using short but high-tempo passes to progress the ball. During last season’s Bundesliga campaign, Leipzig attempted the second-least amount of long balls per game, but the fourth most total passes.
“I like my team to play with two touches most of the time. If we play with two touches, the pass can come out stronger and speed up the pace.”Julian Nagelsmann | Interview with Tribuna Expresso
The centre-back, typically Frenchman Dayot Upamecano, carries the ball forward to create a numerical advantage in the midfield. His movement is crucial in dragging opposing midfielders out of position, which in turn allows the multifaceted Marcel Sabitzer to advance and be a threat in the attacking third. Last season, the Austrian tallied 16 goals and ten assists.
Dayot Upamecano and Marcel Sabitzer are the prime elements of RB Leipzig under Nagelsmann. (Photo by Alex Grimm/Bongarts/Getty Images)
Konrad Laimer is another key player, whose versatility and high work rate gives his teammates freedom to roam, as well as lets the team adopt different shapes in offence and defence. The wing-backs are also vital as they add width and ascendancy in the midfield that allows Leipzig to dominate that area of the park. A standout is Angeliño, a Spaniard on-loan from Manchester City who already has five goals in 11 appearances this season.
In the attacking third, Nagelsmann encourages lots of off-ball movement, one-two passes, and quick layoffs. Frequently using two holding midfielders, one moves back into defence whilst the other can propel ahead, interchanging with forwards who like to drop deep.
The attacking midfielders often drift narrowly, forming a midfield box, dragging opposing full-backs out of position and establishing precedence out wide. These creative players in the middle allow for meticulous combination plays and precise passing. This constant movement and flexibility wreaks havoc for their opponents and leads to many goal-scoring opportunities.
Currently sitting in second place in the Bundesliga, the Saxony-based side are averaging the most shots per game with 17.43. By comparison, Barcelona are averaging 13.0 in La Liga. Last season, Leipzig had the second most touches in the attacking penalty area in the league and the second most progressive passes per game.
Former Barcelona player Dani Olmo often runs riot in the final third for Julian Nagelsmann. (Photo by Ina Fassbender/Pool)
They were also second in expected goals per match and shot-creating actions per 90 minutes. They were third in goal creating chances in the Bundesliga with 3.94 a game, only behind giants Bayern Munich and Borussia Dortmund.
Nagelsmann’s teams defend with cohesion and energy. Last season, Die Roten Bullen had the second-best defensive record in the league, conceding 37 goals in 34 matches, which by Bundesliga metrics is not very high.
His tactical flexibility allows for fluid formations, such as a two-man backline in attack morphing into five men on defence. This is coupled by the likes of Lukas Klostermann and Marcel Halstenberg, who fullbacks by trait, are used as overlapping centre-backs. His teams also use a high-line, rely on offside traps, and are very active in pressing.
“Our goal is to always take advantage of an interception to have an advantage of pace and speed over the opponent, who plays wide and wide.”Naglesmann interview from Football Hackers: The Science and Art of a Data Revolution by Christoph Biermann
For further numerical context, in the 2019-2020 Bundesliga, Leipzig had the third-highest successful pressures rate (winning the ball back within five seconds of applying pressure) with 32.7%. In the Champions League, they were second in pressures in the attacking third, indicating where they do most of their damage.
Off the Pitch
Nagelsmann demands lots of energy, high work rate and versatility from his players, and the results speak for themselves. Although he’s yet to win a major trophy, he has proven he can succeed even without the biggest of names, and his squads are often greater than the sum of their parts.
Barcelona could benefit a lot with a few high-intensity training sessions with Julian Nagelsmann. (Photo by DAVID RAMOS/AFP)
The 33-year-old has also helped developed many star players, such as Bayern Munich’s Serge Gnabry and Chelsea FC’s Timo Werner, who he worked with at Hoffenheim and RB Leipzig respectively.
In training, Nagelsmann “never wants to do the same drill twice,” according to his interview for the book Football Hackers. He has 31 principles of football that he integrates and specific goals he wants to accomplish every session. He also utilizes technology like drones and has even placed a giant video screen next to the training ground so players can see their movements and shapes from a different angle.
There are a plethora of great managers Barcelona will be looking at should Ronald Koeman not be a long-term choice, including club legend Xavi Hernández, and Julian Nagelsmann should certainly be on the list. He’s proving to be an innovative tactician and a commanding locker room presence and could help propel the Blaugrana into a new era. In fact, he’s already proclaimed his interest for the job.
Nagelsmann can help develop countless youth stars for Barcelona, bringing the best out of an underperforming squad, and his attacking brand of football would translate well to Spain. Regardless of a lack of major silverware, he’s already off to a promising start.
Julian Nagelsmann has the mind, the character, the energy, and the drip to become the next manager of Barcelona. (Photo by Andrew Yates/Sportimage)
Nevertheless, Nagelsmann is by no means a finished product, and he still needs more experience that naturally comes with more years under his belt and working for a club with bigger expectations.
A defining few months is on the horizon for Barcelona, and Julian Nagelsmann could be exactly who they need to once again dazzle the world with style and ambition.
Statistics courtesy of FBref.