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Analysis

Comparing the attacks of Barcelona and Manchester City

Samuel Gustafson

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Photo by David Blunsden via Imago

With the arrival of Pep Guardiola in 2016, Manchester City began to adapt to the style of positional play and attacks once used by Barcelona to dominate Europe. Now, many would say that the Citizens have overtaken Barça in terms of style and quality, and the stats seem to back it up.


Undoubtedly, Manchester City have a had a bit of a drop off in the Premier League this season. However, they have still managed to pick up just one point less than Barcelona, although they have played an additional match. It can also not be denied that the Manchester club are still among the favorites to win the Champions League. Overall, both teams are well-known for their dominance in possession, but in recent years one would have to say that Pep Guardiola’s side have been more ambitious and dynamic. With that in mind, today we will be analysing the league goals scored by both clubs this campaign to see what conclusions can be drawn.

Where do the attacks begin?

It is no secret that Barcelona’s pressing intensity has dropped in recent years. With an ageing forward line and a more pragmatic approach taken during Ernesto Valverde’s reign, Manchester City would be expected to have the advantage in terms of pressing. Almost all stats and metrics back this up.

Sergio Kün Agüero Raheem Sterling Manchester City Barcelona attacks

While neither Barcelona nor Manchester City have been at their best this season, stats show some revealing tendencies | Photo by Shaun Botterill via Getty Images

To start, 30.36% of the Citizens’ sequences of possession leading up to open-play goals this season have begun in the attacking third. In comparison, 24.49% of Barça’s open-play goals have come from sequences beginning in the attacking third. While both sides are known for building from the back, this figure shows that Manchester City can also win the ball more often in advanced positions.

Further supporting the superiority of City’s pressing is the number of tackles they make in the attacking third. Statsbomb has City making 3 tackles in the attacking third per match, and the blaugranas making 2.37. This may not seem like a drastic difference, but it means City have made 20 more attacking third tackles over the course of the season. This gives Pep’s team more opportunities to attack from a position in which they are already high up the pitch, and don’t have to break the opposition down as much.

How do the teams compare in building up in possession?

Undeniably, for their approach and philosophy, Barcelona and Manchester City would rather string together long sequences of passes as opposed to more direct long balls. Both teams lead their respective leagues in average possession and number of completed passes. The stats show that City take this mentality a step further than the Catalans, though.

In their open-play goal sequences – the uninterrupted time of possession leading up to a goal – Barça averaged 6.02 passes this season. This is almost a whole pass less than the Sky Blues’ average of 6.95 passes. Additionally, the City’s average goal sequence involved 5.39 players, greater than the tally of 5.14 achieved by Barca.

A further metric that compares how the two sides play in possession is OPPDA – Opponent Passes allowed per Defensive Action. In the league this season, Manchester City have an OPPDA of 22.23, according to Understat. This means that, on average, City complete 22.23 passes before an opposition player makes a defensive action – tackle, interception, etc. Barcelona’s number is significantly lower, at 14.49. In other words, City’s average string of passes is almost 8 passes longer than the azulgranas.

Where do the teams create their chances?

Barcelona’s lack of dynamism out wide has been an issue this term, and once again the stats reflect that. Only 23.4% of Barcelona’s open play assists have come from the left or right thirds this season. In contrast, City has a rate of 42.3%. While both sides play a majority of their assists from the centre third, the reigning English champions are clearly more adept at utilising the wide areas. A contributing factor to this is City’s willingness and ability to cross the ball. This season, Pep’s side have completed 2.71 crosses into the box per match, almost double Barça’s average of 1.37, per Statsbomb.

❛ In all team sports, the secret is to overload one side of the pitch so that the opponent must tilt its own defence to cope. You overload on one side and draw them in so that they leave the other side weak ❜

Pep Guardiola

The use of wide areas by the Citizens is also shown when analysing their secondary assists. A secondary assist is the completed pass to a player who then assists a goal. Man City have played 58.7% of their open-play secondary assists from the wide thirds. Once again Barcelona fall behind, with just 46.5% of their secondary assists from the wide thirds. It should be known that City do not play the ball out wide just for the sake of it, but in order to unbalance the opposition.

How does the scoring of the two teams compare?

In terms of the statistics for the goals themselves, Barcelona and Manchester City are very comparable. Both clubs have scored a similar percentage of their goals from open play this season. For the Catalan club this has been 77.8%, and for the Manchester club it is 82.4%.

In addition, the goals of both sides have been distributed similarly throughout the match. The Catalans have scored 32 first-half goals and 31 second-half goals. City have scored 31 in the first halves and a slightly higher 37 in the second periods.

It should also be noted that Manchester City’s goals are more evenly distributed throughout their squad. In the league, the Citizens have three players who have scored double-digit goals this season, and six who have scored five or more. Barça, on the other hand, have just two double-digit scorers, and four players with five or more.

When looking at each of these stats individually, not many conclusions can be drawn. For instance, connecting more passes per goal does not mean that a team is automatically better. It is not one stat that should worry culés, but rather the stats together as a collective. It is worrying that Manchester City have the advantage in terms of pressing and then connect more passes. Also, that City connect more passes, showing their use of combination play, but are still able to use the wide areas much more. On top of all this, it has been a down-year for Guardiola and his team. In the end, though, City appear the much more complete side when going forward, and it would be hard for anyone to deny this.


See also

Comparing the attacks of Barcelona and Liverpool

Analysis of the Barcelona goals in the 2019/20 season

Eric García returning to Barça: A possible scenario?

• Sergio Busquets, the embodiment of football simplicity

“Més que un club” is the saying that everyone knows, and for me it’s 100% accurate. Barça have given me so much over the years. Through all the highs, lows, triumphs, and heartbreaks, nothing can take away from the joy and entertainment I’ve received through watching this club play. Now, I hope that I can help spread these emotions with other supporters like me around the world.

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Team Analysis

The causes and effects of Barcelona’s inability to cope with pressure

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Photo by JORGE GUERRERO/AFP via Getty Images

On the back of a 1-4 trouncing at home to Paris Saint Germain, Barcelona had the opportunity to extend their 7 game-winning run in the league to a phenomenal eight, and against probably the easiest of competition to do so.

After all, Cádiz were on the back of a four-game losing streak in La Liga, having won a meagre 5 points from a possible 33, and up against a team that had won 31 from their last 33. This was as perfect a game as they came, but, as has been a motif at the Catalan club in recent years, they crumbled under pressure.

Everything that could go wrong, did go wrong. The defence gave away two big chances, one of which came from a ludicrous and much too easily avoidable penalty two minutes from time. As for the forward line, despite having had eleven and a half chances more than their visitors to hit the back of the net, amassing a whopping 3.56xG, they could settle for only one goal, and this too from a penalty. Ronald Koeman had a mostly tolerable afternoon, but at this point, the complaints about the team make the ever-demanding fans sound like a broken record.

The inability to finish off chances has proved costly for the team continuously. (Photo via Getty)

In this article, Barca Universal explores some events that have become all too common when the team faces minimal adversity, stretching from the managers in the dugouts, the pressure the collective falls over for in crucial moments and finally, individual mistakes which, like a bad rash, spread to all corners of the team continue to plague the club.

Managerial incompetence in crucial moments

Barcelona’s last three managers, Ronald Koeman included, have each shown, and on plenty of occasions, certain character traits that, rather than improve the team, contribute to its inevitable downfall. What is most shocking is, despite being akin to water and oil in terms of their tactics, they each have an uncanny ability not only to fail to learn from each other but, more surprisingly, themselves.

Ernesto Valverde, Quique Setién, and Koeman have each shown a palpable level of a lack of tactical ingenuity whenever called upon. In one way or another, each one of them has taken the club farther and farther away from its roots, all while failing to replace them with anything sustainable enough to win points, or at the very least, make games enjoyable.

It is the same damn story. (Photo by LLUIS GENE/AFP via Getty Images)

It comes as a shock that even in-game, whenever their set systems start to show fissures, neither one of them has consistently shown the most basic of requirements in a manager, this coming in their ability to rectify their errors.

In 2019, leading 3-0 against Liverpool, Barcelona needed just but a goal to gain a spot in the UEFA Champions League’s final. Rather than set his side up for an offensive tussle with the Merseyside club — who mind you were bereft of any real attacking talent —, the then manager deployed a controversial and rather defensive 4-4-2 formation, providing little to no width and with a clear disconnect between the midfield and the two up front.

Down by a just goal at half time, Valverde had the chance to add Malcom to attack the right flank given Andy Robertson had been taken off at halftime, but he opted not to. He had a chance to add Arthur Melo to improve ball circulation after conceding two in two minutes to Georginio Wijnaldum but instead decided to go for Nelson Semedo.

Haunting. (Photo by Shaun Botterill/Getty Images)

The sheer lack of order in the team, and his inability to react to reach the goals they scored, meant Barça would inevitably give up the aggregate lead and the tie as a whole. Impervious to criticism, he would continue to show this very same level of incompetence for the nine months that led up to his sacking.

Quique Setién did much of the same here too. Once admired for his Cruyffist tendencies, he fell apart under the unspoken power dynamics set in place by the heavyweights in the club, leading him to never make changes to his starting elevens regardless of how poorly an individual had played. Even when the game was crying for an intervention via a substitution, he, like Valverde, before him would cower in fear and take refuge in the dugouts, which for much of his tenure remained untouched.

Setien could not keep the pressure from dismounting, either. (Photo by RAFAEL MARCHANTE/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)

Despite having three years worth of evidence on what not to do at Barça, Ronald Koeman continues to make the same exact mistakes as his predecessors. He at least makes rotations in the starting eleven every once in a while, but unless, of course, the team is in a comfortable winning position, he will wait until at least the 80th minute to effectuate any changes to the team’s shape, tactics, or personnel. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that almost every game that has seen Barca trail this season in La Liga has gone on to end as either a draw or a loss of all three points.

Against Paris, many fans observed the gaping holes left in between the defence at the halfway line and the poorly dispersed midfield and attack. This was at halftime, yet in the second period, he left it as it was rather than change up the team’s shape. The exact same mistakes occurred at home against Cádiz in both the first and second period and was only met with a change in the final minutes of the tie.

Almost as if Koeman does not want to learn at all. (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

In La Liga, where the level is lower, managers can get away with a draw here and there, but in the Champions League, where every mistake is punished, they all falter, and to the surprise of no one. When push comes to shove, they all look clueless, lose their train of thought, and as has been the case in each of the last four years, the Blaugrana have lost and lost heavily to equal opposition.

Players that simply don’t make the cut

It comes to reason that not every defeat is as a result of managerial or tactical mishaps. Sometimes, and as has been the case for many years now, tactical flaws have been compounded with some ghastly individual errors, some of which lead fans to question how it is that these players became professionals in the first place.

There are many games that can illustrate this, but none more so than Barcelona’s almighty collapse against the new sextuple winners, Bayern Munich. It is quite unjust that subsequent to such defeats, only the manager’s contract is cut short. Some of the mistakes made by the entirety of the team in that game were so blatantly unacceptable that at least half the team should’ve been sacked at the end.

A score of 4-1 against Paris, or 3-0 against AS Roma this year and in 2018 respectively could be attributed to a manager’s inability to take a firm hold of the game, but when it goes beyond five, it is imperative that the players, perhaps more than their manager, be put to question.

“The green god in Rome…” echoes strongly to this day. (Photo by Catherine Ivill/Getty Images)

Despite the average age of the squad on that night being over 30 years of age, everyone on the team, from Lionel Messi upfront to Ter Stegen in goal, made rookie mistakes. Leading from the front, the Argentine couldn’t be bothered to press for the ball, despite his individual mistakes directly leading to a quarter of their goals.

Luis Suárez partnering him, made just eighteen passes, nine of which were from the centre circle at the start of one half and one for each of the eight goals that Ter Stegen, a man whose capacity to play under pressure, is being questioned more and more by the year, conceded.

The right choice for Barcelona, or have we been fooled? (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

The entirety of the team has this impeccable ability to collectively fall into pieces, with mentalities that shrink to the sub-atomic level when faced with the slightest of adversity. The usual suspects in defence, these coming in Jordi Alba, who almost singlehandedly won Liverpool the second leg at Anfield, Samuel Umtiti, whose career essentially came to an end after the 2018 world cup, Clément Lenglet, whose in-game reactions can be outpaced by a tortoise, are often the catalysts to the team’s failure.

Football is a team game, but individual errors often do have a profound impact on the collective. How is Barca supposed to be challenging for La Liga when their defence is the one with the most individual errors leading to a goal in the entire division.

How are clean sheets meant to be preserved when individuals like Clément Lenglet concede 3 penalties in the same campaign, each leading to a loss of points. It is borderline impossible to challenge for anything when half the time, in do or die situations, you have defenders that shoot themselves, and thus the team, in the foot.

Lenglet continues to deceive game after game. (Photo by JOSEP LAGO/AFP via Getty Images)

But it’s not only the defence to be blamed. The attack and midfield, charged with finishing chances and creating an air of stability, respectively, do none of the like when called upon. Against the Bavarians, the midfield was essentially inexistent, with next to no pressing, and even when applied, none of it had any coordination or impact on the much superior German machine. Passing somehow from a trio or quadruple of players whose careers are built on just that, all inexplicably goes awry or loses all meaning at the slightest instance of pressure.

The forward line, as seen on innumerable occasions this campaign and during their European disasters, somehow collectively forgets how to find the back of the net. No one can be spared from this judgment, not even Messi.

Ousmane Dembélé had the chance to kill off the tie against Liverpool, but rather than blast the ball past Alisson in a 1v1 situation, he chipped it into his arms and did basically the same thing against Paris last in midweek when he wasted a chance to take the game to 2-0, only for the visitors to equalise within seconds. The same was the case as recently as yesterday against Cadiz, whereof 23 shots made, only one via a penalty found the back of the net.

Barcelona not only have to contend with managers who show complete ineptitude at understanding or implementing the one style of play asked if them, but also a team that, when needed to perform, has not the slightest idea how.

Conclusion

As Johan Cruyff once famously said, “football is a game of mistakes, and whoever makes the least mistakes wins.” When it comes to Barcelona, winning goes from something that should be a regular, weekly occurrence to a proverbial mountain crafted from the tiniest of anthills.

We have seen it once, we have seen it twice. And we will see it more. (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

These errors span all the way from managers in the dugouts who, despite years of experience, keep making the same mistakes to the players on the pitch, who, through a lack of attention to detail, ridiculous mistakes and otherworldly missing, never cease to contribute to the demise of the team.

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