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Analysis

Comparing the attacks of Barcelona and Liverpool

Samuel Gustafson

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Header Image by Jan Kruger via Getty Images

Barcelona have long been considered the kings of positional play, while Liverpool have now become the pinnacle of the gegenpress and counter attacks. When analysing the attacking play of the two clubs, do the stats reflect the contrasting styles of play?


The differences between FC Barcelona and Liverpool in recent seasons, especially in the last two, have been highly noticeable for the general fan. While the Catalans have dominated in Spain, Liverpool have been much more fearsome internationally and in the Champions League, reaching the last two finals, and winning one, of the continental tournament. Moreover, the passivity from Barça has contrasted with the dynamism and Rock & Roll of the Reds. That said, what do stats tell? And, most importantly, what conclusions can be drawn from then?

Where do the attacks begin?

Due to Liverpool’s emphasis on intense pressure, it would be expected that they win the ball in more advanced areas than Barcelona. The stats support this hypothesis. For Liverpool’s open play league goals this season, 32.1% began with them winning the ball in the attacking third. For Barcelona this rate was 24.5%, giving Liverpool the clear advantage. This trend is also shown when analysing the number of tackles made by each team in the attacking third. According to Statsbomb, Liverpool have made 29 more tackles in the attacking third this season than Barça, or about 0.84 more per match. Liverpool’s pressing allows them to win the ball higher up the pitch in more dangerous positions, and it allows them to attack when defenses are not fully set.

❛ If you win the ball back high up the pitch and you are close to the goal, it is only one pass away a really good opportunity most of the time ❜

Jürgen Klopp

How does each team build up in possession?

When analysing the goal sequences – the series of play leading up to a goal – Barcelona’s short-passing style of play is apparent. Leading up to their open play goals, the blaugranas have averaged a sequence of 6.02 connected passes. On the other hand, Liverpool average 3.98 connected passes, over 2 passes fewer for each goal. Additionally, the average Barça goal sequence involves 5.14 players, significantly more than the Liverpool average of 3.92. Overall, the Reds tend to play more direct and go quicker to goal, while Barça use more combination play and patient build-up.

Where are the chances created from?

Perhaps the most significant difference between the style of play of the two teams is shown when looking at where the assists are played from. For Barcelona, there is a clear focus on creating chances through the centre of the pitch, with 76.6% of their open play assists being played from the center third. In contrast, Liverpool assisted just 48% of their open play goals from the centre third, and the majority of their assists came from the wide thirds. Liverpool are also much better at playing crosses. Statsbomb states that Liverpool complete 2.55 crosses into the penalty area per match, almost double the tally of 1.37 per match achieved by Barça.

Lionel Messi Antoine Griezmann Barcelona Liverpool attacks

Even when starting from wide, Lionel Messi and Antoine Griezmann are not pure wingers | Photo by Photo Agency via Imago

The reason for the low number of wide assists for Barcelona is mainly a lack of wide play. Lionel Messi, Antoine Griezmann, and Luis Suárez all like to operate centrally, leaving the full-backs on the wings. To make matters worse, the two main full-backs – Nélson Semedo and Jordi Alba – have combined for just three league assists this season. Liverpool’s star wingers – Mohamed Salah and Sadio Mané – do love to cut inside, but they seem to have a better balance in attack as well as better chemistry with the full-backs. Liverpool’s full-backs Trent Alexander-Arnold and Andrew Robertson have been much more productive than Barça’s in attack this season, combining for 19 assists and supplying the right width for the attack to operate.

How and when are the goals scored?

When comparing the source of their goals and the periods of the match they are scored in, Barcelona and Liverpool are quite similar. Both clubs have scored over three quarters of their goals from open play: Barcelona at 77.8% and Liverpool at 80.3%.

Another similarity is that Barcelona scored 15.9% of their goals in the opening 15 minutes of matches, and 22.2% in the last 15 minutes. Liverpool are very close with 13.6% early goals and 21.2% late goals. Although, one significant difference in the scoring of the two clubs is their number of headed goals. Barcelona have scored just 5 headers in the league this season, and Liverpool have scored 14. This difference is large but unsurprising due to the high number of crosses that Liverpool play.

In some ways, stats illustrate what was commonly known already: Liverpool are more energetic, direct and utilise wing play more, while Barça attack mostly through the centre and with longer sequences of passes. Even so, numbers further expose the contrasting differences between the two sides, and help emphasise in which areas is Barcelona a step or two behind the Premier League leaders: pressing, dynamism and threat through the wings.


See more

Analysis of the Barcelona goals in the 2019/20 season

Luis Suárez, the best player in the world in the 2015/16 season?

• Is caging Messi the solution to stop him and Barça?

• An analysis of Barcelona’s full-backs

“Més que un club” is the saying that everyone knows, and for me it’s 100% accurate. Barça have given me so much over the years. Through all the highs, lows, triumphs, and heartbreaks, nothing can take away from the joy and entertainment I’ve received through watching this club play. Now, I hope that I can help spread these emotions with other supporters like me around the world.

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Analysis

Koeman’s system in the Barcelona 4-0 Villareal

Anurag Agate

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Photo by David Ramirez via Imago

With a 4-0 victory at the Camp Nou, Koeman’s side has started the season on a positive note. Find out more about the tactical aspect of the match in this tactical analysis of Barcelona’s match against Villareal.


La Liga is finally back, and it’s back in full swing. We saw many high-scoring matches, with even Atleti scoring 6 goals against Granada. A very entertaining start to La Liga was capped off by Barcelona’s 4-0 Victory over Villareal. Koeman’s first La Liga game in-charge of Barcelona was a resounding success. The mindset of the players involved was clearly different from the mindset under Setien. With many players looking rejuvenated, Barcelona put in a performance which was desperately needed considering the fact that the wounds from Lisbon haven’t yet healed. Find out just how Barcelona managed to dominate a strong Villareal side in this tactical analysis.

Initial systems

Barcelona started out in a 4-2-3-1 as expected. The only surprise was that Messi’s starting position was more central than usual and Griezmann occupied the right-wing. Messi does eventually drift towards the centre anyway but the starting position is usually wider.

Villareal were in a 4-4-2 which later transitioned into a 4-4-2 diamond in the second half after the substitutions. Right from the start, Villareal looked to press from the front, with Chukwueze and Moi Gomez cutting out passing lanes to the full-backs and the two Villareal strikers pressing Barcelona’s center-backs. Here, an advantage of the 4-2-3-1 Koeman deployed was immediately visible. De Jong would drop back to receive the ball and then play it forward to Busquets, who was the other pivot. Had Barcelona played a 4-3-3, the pivot would have dropped back to receive the ball and build-up from the back in this case. But the midfield would be stretched vertically which we saw many times last season.

In midfield, Barcelona were prevented from playing through the centre by Parejo and Coquelin. The distance between Villareal’s midfield and defense lines was not much which forced Barcelona towards the wings. This strategy came back to bite Villareal in the form of Ansu Fati. The 17-year-old left-winger was unplayable against Villareal. Gaspar was unable to contain him. Jordi Alba was much better than in a long time. The work-rate Koeman demands and the many extra training sessions were really showing. After a 2019/20 season which wasn’t the best for Barcelona, yesterday’s performance was very impressive.

Koeman’s foresight

Both wingers would regularly tuck-in between the full-backs and center-halves. This allowed Barcelona’s full-backs to advance up the field much more. With the full-backs attacking and the wingers tucking in, the Villareal defensive line would be occupied. This allowed Coutinho more space than usual. Along with this, Busquets and De Jong would be available to either stop the counter, or to act as passing options. This assortment of many attacking roles allowed Barcelona to have sustained attacking possession.

Villareal had a clear game plan as well. Considering the fact that their two strikers are performing well and are well-synchronized, the wingers were instructed to cross the ball often. The full-backs would advance, but not overlap frequently. This could either not be a part of the game plan or because of the attacking threat, Barcelona posed from the start. With Dani Parejo in midfield, Emery would ideally be able to continue playing the possession-based football his teams play. Coquelin would offer a bit of dynamism in midfield along with the Spanish midfielder.

However, Koeman took an interesting decision and gave Busquets the role to man-mark Parejo. Though both were surprisingly not the best on the ball on the day, Busquets did well to restrict Parejo to lateral and back passes. In the second-half, Vilalreal’s game plan was executed better in the 4-4-2 diamond. This allowed Parejo to get on the ball more, wit him playing a major role in the build-up. Emery knows his players’ strengths very well. Parejo in the defensive mid role, with pacey wingers on either sides means fast transitions. For Barcelona s well, the transitions were key. Coutinho’s mediapunta role and the freedom Messi has both contributed to this.

Double-pivot

We already saw the many benefits this formation has offered, taking the strengths of the players Koeman has into full consideration. The ease during build-up with one pivot dropping back, being able to sustain the attack with the mediapunta getting more space, the freedom Busquets had to man-mark Parejo, which would have been difficult in a single pivot, etc. Another one of the advantages is in defense.

Barcelona were vulnerable in defense throughout last season. Jordi Alba looks like refreshed and fitter than usual, and with Dest potentially joining the Blaugrana, the full-backs are looking promising. In case that Barcelona does get caught on the counter, Koeman does have a solution to one of the problems. When Barcelona are on the backfoot, De Jong and Busquets would need to make sure their positioning is immaculate. They were instructed to plug the gaps between the center-halves and full-backs, which would have a two-fold purpose. Firstly, through-balls against more creative players would be much more difficult, with the gaps being reduced and Coutinho and Griezmann helping in defense. Secondly, the opposition would be less likely to crowd the box, since Barcelona can now afford to get at least 4 players into the box if the pivots were to position themselves as such. However, this would be very dependent on the split-second judgment and whether the players decide to press or track-back.

Conclusion

For Koeman’s first La Liga match, the performance was quite promising. Barcelona looked better tactically and in terms of hard work than Villareal as we saw in this tactical analysis. The latter being something that Barcelona desperately need, what remains to be seen is how Barcelona will fare against teams that rely on individual ability more than Villareal and the unpredictability that follows. Apart from this, will the players be able to sustain the intense work ethic Koeman demands? If Barcelona do decently in these conditions and some others, we might see a much better season from them than expected.

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